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The Mansio and other sites in the south-eastern sector of Caesaromagus: the Roman pottery

C J Going

CBA Research Report No 62 (1987)

Chelmsford Archaeological Trust Report 3.2

ISBN 0 906780 50 0


Title page of report 62

This volume is a companion to Chelmsford Archaeological Trust Report 3.1 (CBA Research Report 66 The Mansio and Other Sites in the South-Eastern Sector of Caesaromagus, by P J Drury). It deals, however, solely with the pottery found during the excavations published there. It was originally intended to treat the pottery in a fashion analagous to that used in Professor Frere's Verulamium Excavations I (M Wilson 1972). Developments in the study of Roman pottery embodied in the SCORP report (Young 1980) resulted instead in its being quantified using a system devised jointly with the Colchester Archaeological Trust. Approximately 600 kg of pottery (some 45,000 sherds) was recorded context by context, the archive of this material being maintained by the Trust together with a fabric and form type series (see Sections II and III). The two latter will necessarily be augmented in future publications. The archive of the pottery comprises the quantification of the pottery by context, in a tabular format, together with its dating evidence. In order to avoid unnecessary duplication of illustrations, only assemblages of particular interest or which contribute to a sequence are presented in Section IV.

The relevant sites were all excavated in advance of redevelopment by the then Chelmsford Excavation Committee (and earlier Chelmsford and Essex Museum), primarily because of their potential contribution to our knowledge of the Roman town. They comprise the following:

S: 59-63 Moulsham Street TL 70730621Excavated 1972-3
Z: 18-21 Orchard Street TL 70870622 Excavated 1972-3
AD: Rear of 36-42 Roman Road TL 70920622 Excavated 1849/50, 1947-9, 1957-8
AK: 36-42 Roman Road TL 70900623 Excavated 1975
AR: 30 Orchard Street TL 70820627 Excavated 1977-8
T: Site of Orchard Street Hall TL 70900630 Excavated 1972-3
AA: Rear of 179-80 Moulsham Street TL 70730629 Excavated 1969


  • Title pages
  • Contents (p v)
  • Illustrations (p vii)
  • Contributors (p vii)
  • I Introduction (p 1)
  • II The fabrics (p 3)
  • III The typology (p 13)
  • IV The stratified groups (p 55)
  • V The Kilns at Moulsham Street, Chelmsford at Inworth (p 73)
    • The Moulsham Street Kilns (p 73)
    • A late Roman kiln at Inworth by C J Going and K A Rodwell (p 78)
    • The Rettendon ware 'workshop' industry and the kilns at Chelmsford and Inworth (p 89)
  • VI Textile impressions on Romano-British pottery by J P Wild (p 90)
  • VII Residues on Romano-British pottery by J Evans and C J Going (p 91)
  • VIII The samian ware by W J Rodwell (p 92)
    • The decorated ware (p 92)
    • The stamps and signatures (p 96)
    • The plain ware (p 97)
    • The Chancellor collection (p 97)
  • IX Stamps (p 99)
    • Stamps on Gallo-Belgin derivatives by V A Rigby (p 99)
    • Mortarium stamps By K F Hartley (p 99)
    • Decorative stamps on Flavian to early 2nd century fine wares (p 100)
    • Other decorative stamps (p 100)
  • X The graffiti by C J Going, M W C Hassall, and R P Wright (p 102)
  • XI Terra cotta and pipeclay objects (p 105)
  • XII Chelmsford pottery supply and use, c.AD 60-400 (p 106)
    • Ceramic Phases 1-8 (p 106)
    • Summary of trade pattern in Chelmsford, c.AD 60-400+ (p 117)
    • Third century AD pottery in Essex: the Colchester 'Mithraeum' and Billingsgate Group 'Z' assemblages examined (p 119)
  • Bibilography (p 121)

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