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The prehistoric and Roman settlement at Kelvedon, Essex

K A Rodwell

CBA Research Report No 63 (1988)

Chelmsford Archaeological Trust Report 6

ISBN 0 906 780 51 9


Abstract

Title page of report 63

This report is an account of rescue excavations undertaken between 1968 and 1973 on the prehistoric and Roman settlements at Kelvedon, Essex (TL 864190). A gazetteer of other finds and a general discussion have also been included.

Contents

  • Title pages
  • Contents (p v)
  • Illustrations (p vii)
  • Contributors (p vii)
  • 1. Introduction (p 1)
    • Acknowledgements (p 1)
    • Siting (p 1)
    • Geology (p 2)
    • Archaeological background (p 3)
    • Outline chronology (p 3)
    • The recording system (p 3)
  • 2. Excavations in area B (p 4)
    • Period 1: early prehistoric (p 4)
    • Period 2C: late pre-Roman Iron Age (p 4)
    • Period 3A: 1st century AD (p 5)
    • Period 3B: other Roman (p 5)
    • Period 3C: late Roman (p 9)
    • Period 5: medieval (p 9)
  • 3. Excavations in areas E and F by B R K Niblett (p 12)
  • 4. Excavations in area J (p 15)
    • Period 1: early prehistoric (p 15)
    • Period 2: late pre-Roman Iron Age (p 15)
    • Period 3A: mid 1st century AD (p 25)
    • Period 3B: Roman non-cemetery features (p 26)
    • Period 3C: the Roman cemetery (p 26)
    • Catalogue (p 31)
    • Analysis (p 31)
    • Discussion (p 50)
  • 5. Gazetteer (p 54)
  • 6. The finds (p 57)
    • Objects of copper alloy with a note on a head-stud brooch by S A Butcher (p 57)
    • Objects of iron (p 67)
    • Other metals(p 76)
    • Objects of bone (p 76)
    • Jet and Shale bracelets (p 76)
    • The necklace(p 76)
    • Beads (p 76)
    • Glass vessels (p 76)
    • Spindle whorls (p 76)
    • The pipeclay fingurine by F Jenkins (p 78)
    • The celtic coins (p 78)
    • The Roman coins by R Reece (p 57)
    • The briquetage (p 81)
    • The flint artefacts by E Healey (p 82)
    • Objects of stone (p 89)
    • The animal bone by R M Luff (p 89)
    • The human bone(p 89)
  • 7. The pottery (p 92)
    • The samian by W J Rodwell (p 92)
    • Gallo-Belgic and coarseware stamps by V Rigby (p 99)
    • Mortarium stamps by K F Hartley (p 101)
    • Amphorae stamps with fabric identifications by F Williams (p 101)
    • Early prehistoric pottery (p 103)
    • Late pre-Roman Iron Age and Roman pottery (p 103)
      • Introduction (p 103)
      • Area J: period 2 A/B (p 103)
      • Area J: period 2C/3A (p 107)
      • Area J: period 3A(p 110)
      • Area J: period 3B (p 114)
      • Area J: period 3C (p 114)
      • Area J: grave groups (p 117)
      • Area B: period 2C(p 121)
      • Area B: period 3A (p 123)
      • Area B: periods 3B and 3C (p 123)
      • Area Q3: pit group (p 128)
      • Various localities, unstratified (p 129)
      • Areas E and F (p 129)
    • The medieval pottery by C M Cunningham (p 129)
  • 8. Discussion (p 132)
    • Early prehistoric settlement (p 132)
    • The late pre-Roman Iron Age (p 132)
      • Rectangular houses (p 132)
      • Chronology (p 132)
    • The Roman settlement (p 133)
      • The road (p 133)
      • The military phase (p 135)
      • Development and economy (p 135)
      • Religion (p 136)
      • The cemeteries (p 136)
    • The post-Roman settlement (p 137)
  • Appendix: Table 16 (p 138)
    • Correlations of published features, plans, sections and find (p 138)
  • Bibilography (p 143)
    • Microfiche: Excavations in area J, Gazetteer, The Finds
    • Microfiche: The Pottery

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