Channel Tunnel Rail Link Section 1

Stuart Foreman, 2004 (updated 2009)

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2 Boys Hall Road, Willesborough, Kent - Building Report


No 2 Boys Hall Road. General view, west elevation.

The Oxford Archaeological Unit (OAU) was commissioned to carry out an archaeological investigation of the footprint and the curtilage of the Grade II Listed building at 2 Boys Hall Road, Willesborough, Kent (NGR TR 0258/4112). The work was undertaken on behalf of Union Railways (South) Limited, as part of the recording of listed buildings in North East Kent, due to be demolished in advance of CTRL construction.

Structurally, No. 2 Boys Hall Road was not fully investigated prior to its dismantling, since much of the historic fabric was visible within the building, and its interest was clearly apparent. Consequently there is no detailed information about some aspects of the buildingÂ’s construction, but it was inspected at the time of rebuilding (at Romden Road, Smarden, Kent) where it can still be seen.

The building is thought to have been constructed around 1600 and reused some medieval timbers. The plan is of two bays, of interest as an unusual small version of the new postmedieval plan type of lobby-entrance house. It has rubble stone walling in the ground floor and gable ends with clay tile hanging over timber framing in the first floor. There is a modern rendered brick outshot on the north side which conceals an earlier timber framed jetty with original wattle and daub panels. The roof is pitched, clad in clay peg tiles with two hipped dormers.

The excavations of the building footprint revealed five development phases of 2 Boys Road. Evidence of early activity (Phase I) is very slight, and the length of time between the demolition or abandonment of the medieval structures and the construction of the cottage (Phase II) is uncertain. The cottage is thought to have been built consecutively in the early to mid-16th century, and at a later phase possibly in the mid-late 16th century (Phase III), encountered further modfications. To the rear of the house an extension or ancillary structure was added in the early modern period (Phase IV), and a fireplace inserted in the late-18th or beginning of the 19th century. In the modern period (Phase V) the house was extended to the north-east and the area around the cottage landscaped.

In addition to the main excavations two test trenches were opened to evaluate the archaeological context of the building and to assess whether any archaeological deposits survived. These mainly revealed modern deposits although a second trench also contained features associated with earlier phases.

Other material from the programme linked to this report.

Phase 2

Below is a list of Phase 2 assessments in which other data from this site may be found.

Boys Hall Balancing Pond, Sevington, Kent Post Excavation Assessment
Watching Brief Area 430, Kent Integrated Site Report

Phase 1

Evaluation and Interim Excavation Data

Other evaluation and interim excavation and field data associated with this report can be found in the site list.