Channel Tunnel Rail Link Section 1

Stuart Foreman, 2004 (updated 2009)

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Eyhorne Street, Hollingbourne, Kent - Integrated Site Report


Oxford Archaeology was commissioned to undertake a Targeted Watching Brief south-east of Eyhorne Street, Hollingbourne, in Kent as part of an extensive programme of archaeological investigation carried out in advance of the construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link.

Late Neolithic decorated clay object discovered during excavation.

This watching brief revealed artefacts and features dating from at least five phases of activity, the most significant of which date from the Neolithic and the Iron Age. The earliest activities on the site are represented by two residual Mesolithic microliths and by a small number of residual early-middle Neolithic sherds. Probably Neolithic worked flint was found in a group of pits and a tree-throw hole. A quite dense scatter of tree-throw holes was excavated along the western side of the site. This worked flint provides the only dating evidence for these features. They need not, however, all be of the same date. A distinct group of smaller, circular tree holes, perhaps deriving from deliberate clearance of small trees or shrubs, may post-date this phase.

Two pits provide evidence for late Neolithic activity (c 2900-2500 cal BC) associated with Grooved Ware. One of these pits was distinguished by an unusual deposit containing decorated Grooved Ware, a decorated clay object, and a charred crab apple.

A pair of small pits containing very small quantities of possibly residual cremated human remains, charred hazelnuts, and Beaker sherds, and another, more distant pit provide evidence for activity between c 2300 and 1900 cal BC.

Following this, activity on the site resumed only in the early and middle Iron Age (c 600-200 cal BC). The evidence from this phase consists of some very shallow ditches, a sequence of hollows, and eight pits which may have lain at the edge of a more extensive settlement. As well as rich deposits of charred grain and pottery, and a little animal bone, the pits also contained more exceptional material: a bent iron dagger, a small ceramic cup either imported from or imitating pottery from the Champagne region, and a bowl which was neatly cut in half.

Later activity is represented by a post-medieval ditch.

The fieldwork events covered by this report are:

  • Eyhorne Street Watching Brief - Area 420 (ARC WB420/68+100-68+500) - Watching Brief

Other material from the programme linked to this report.

Phase 2

Specialist Research Reports

Below is a list of specialist research reports associated with this report.

Early Prehistoric Pottery Ceramics
Later Prehistoric Pottery Ceramics
Lithics Lithics
Small Finds Small Finds
Dating Dating
Human Remains Human Remains
Charred Plant Remains Environmental
Fauna Environmental
Integrated Site Report

The integrated site report and data for this site can be found on the downloads page.

Phase 1

Evaluation and Interim Excavation Data

Below is a list of other evaluation and interim excavation data from sites and field work events associated with this report.

East of Eyhorne Street (ARC ESTE95) Geophysical Survey
South-East of Eyhorne Street (ARC SEE99) Evaluation
West of Eyhorne Street (ARC ESTW95) Geophysical Survey