Quarry Farm, Ingleby Barwick

Archaeological Services Durham University, 2013

Data copyright © Archaeological Services Durham University unless otherwise stated


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https://doi.org/10.5284/1018890
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Archaeological Services Durham University (2013) Quarry Farm, Ingleby Barwick [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1018890

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Introduction

ALT_TEXT

This digital archive presents the results of an archaeological excavation conducted in advance of a housing development on the site of Quarry Farm, Ingleby Barwick, Stockton-on-Tees (NGR NZ 437 150). The site was identified through aerial photography in 1970, and a small-scale excavation was undertaken as a result. Further work was undertaken from the 1990s onwards, and took the form of fieldwalking, geophysical survey and trial trenching. This established the presence of a Roman villa, with a winged corridor main building, associated villa buildings, and an extensive associated settlement and enclosure system covering an area of about four hectares. The site is the most northerly known Roman villa surviving in the Empire. Because of the significance of this discovery, it was decided that excavation of the site should be undertaken prior to development. Planning permission for the development of a housing estate had been granted prior to the instigation of PPG16, and therefore there was no archaeological condition on the development. However, Persimmon Homes and Tees Archaeology agreed a framework for archaeological investigation prior to the start of groundworks.

The winged corridor building itself, and part of the enclosure system to its was preserved in an area of open ground in the new development, whilst ancillary buildings and part of the enclosure system was excavated. The excavation and post-excavation assessment was funded by Persimmon Homes. Post-excavation analysis was funded by English Heritage.