Surrey Archaeological Society Research Volumes

Surrey Archaeological Society, 2016

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Surrey Archaeological Society Research Volumes (1976) Volume 2.


Alsted: Excavation of a 13th/14th century Sub-Manor House, Netherne Wood, Merstham, by L Ketteringham.


Table of Contents

Title pages and contents
Anon. (pp. i-v)
PDF 170 Kb
The Excavation
LESLEY L KETTERINGHAM (pp. 1-32)
Abstract

Abstract

The Excavation
LESLEY L KETTERINGHAM (pp. 1-32)

This report describes the results of the excavation of a 13th–14th century sub-manor house with its industrial complex in Netherne Wood, near Merstham, Surrey. Documentary research has revealed that it was probably the sub-manor of Alsted, all trace of which has been lost and although there is no irrefutable evidence, its circumstances and position leave little doubt as to its identity.

PDF 2 Mb
Finds and Historical Background
Anon. (pp. 33-73)
Abstract

Abstract

Finds and Historical Background
Anon. (pp. 33-73)

The first building, of which there are chalk founda­tions and the remains of a sandstone and flint wall, was probably built in the second quarter of the 13th century (Period 1). Associated with this building is an imported French jug, an aquamanile and the beam of a copper-alloy trebuchet-type coin balance.

PDF 4 Mb
Plates I to VI
Anon.
Abstract

Abstract

Plates I to VI
Anon.

At about AD 1270 the first building was demolished and replaced by a timber-framed aisled hall, solar block and kitchen, the latter building being later in­corporated into the hall, while a new flint-built kitchen was constructed to the north of the main block (Period 2). Associated with this period is a roof ventilator and a variety of decorated jugs.

PDF 1 Mb
Plates VII to XII
Anon.
Abstract

Abstract

Plates VII to XII
Anon.

During Period 1 smelting and forging iron were being carried on in a corner of the demesne in small bowl furnaces and pit hearths. In Period 2 a timber-framed house was constructed, apparently for a smith, and ironworking was carried on until the abandonment of the site in the mid-14th century. After a period of about fifty years the smith's house was refurbished, sheds, stables and outhouses built and a large forge was constructed on a flint-and-clay platform to the east of the site, which was operated for a short time at the turn of the century (Period 3). Immediately prior to the building of the house in Period 2 and its repair in Period 3 two small kilns were constructed probably for the manufacture of tiles for the roofs of the buildings. A complete plan of the ironworking area was recovered.

PDF 858 Kb
Plates XIII to XVI
Anon.
PDF 685 Kb