Wearmouth and Jarrow Monastic sites. Volume 2 Appendix C

Rosemary Cramp, 2006

Data copyright © Prof Rosemary Cramp unless otherwise stated


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Rosemary Cramp (2006) Wearmouth and Jarrow Monastic sites. Volume 2 Appendix C [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1000312


Introduction

Volume 1 of this series described the twin monastery of Wearmouth and Jarrow in Northumbria, which achieved European importance in the period between its foundation in the late 7th century and destruction in the mid 9th, partly because of the pioneering achievements of its founder, Benedict Biscop, in creating an important centre of culture and learning, but mainly because of the fame of the most renowned inmate, the theologian and historian, Bede. The 11th-century refoundation, and survival of both sites as religious centres to the present day, is largely due to the continuing interest in his work. Despite this interest, however, nothing was known of the physical context of this work save for the surviving parts of the early churches until the excavations described in Volume 1 took place.

Volume 2 is concerned with the description and analysis of the material remains associated with the Anglo-Saxon and medieval occupations. The post-medieval artefacts are not reported on, but all material from the excavations was retained and all artefacts have been listed and some have been fully catalogued and drawn. Only a very small amount of very modern material from superficial deposits was discarded on site, but this too was listed in the site finds catalogues. Catalogues and reports on all the finds exist in the two site archives.

Appendix C lists the contexts assigned to periods before the later post-medieval and forms an integral part of the two-volume publication on the Wearmouth and Jarrow monastic sites.