D. Barrie, ed., (2006). Excavation of a Bronze Age wicker container, Gearraidh na h'Aibhne, Isle of Lewis. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. https://doi.org/10.5284/1017938.

Title
Title
The title of the publication or report
Title:
Excavation of a Bronze Age wicker container, Gearraidh na h'Aibhne, Isle of Lewis
Series
Series
The series the publication or report is included in
Series:
Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports
Volume
Volume
Volume number and part
Volume:
19
Pages
Pages
The number of pages in the publication or report
Number of Pages:
20
Downloads
Downloads
Any files associated with the publication or report that can be downloaded from the ADS
Downloads:
sair19.pdf (1 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
The DOI (digital object identifier) for the publication or report.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1017938
Publication Type
Publication Type
The type of publication - report, monograph, journal article or chapter from a book
Publication Type:
Monograph Chapter (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
The abstract describing the content of the publication or report
Abstract:
An archaeological excavation was carried out at Gearraidh na h'Aibhne near Calanais on the Isle of Lewis by Northamptonshire Archaeology, working for Glasgow University Archaeological Research Division (GUARD) as part of the Historic Scotland Human Remains Call Off Contract. The site, initially interpreted as a cist potentially containing a bog body, was identified during annual peat cutting. Excavation demonstrated that the feature was in fact an oval pit containing a quantity of hazel branches, capped with a number of flat slabs of Lewisian Gneiss. Several similar stones had been placed in the base of the feature, overlying more hazel branches.<br /><br />The observation of several branches placed vertically at the edges of the cut suggests that the wood remains may have originally constituted a wicker structure or basket. Further evidence of anthropogenic activity was identified in the form of bent and/or twisted hazel rods and cut marks on a larger piece of wood. Growth-ring analysis of the hazel pieces identified two distinct age clusters: a large group of pieces between five and seven years old and a smaller group between ten and 13 years old, indicating the hazel branches had been deliberately selected for size. Analysis of preserved botanical macrofossil remains indicated that heather type stems and Sphagnum moss might have been incorporated or deposited into the structure. Two radiocarbon dates of 1080-830 BC (SUERC-2086) and 1000-830 BC (SUERC-2087) at 2-sigma probability were obtained from two discrete samples of hazel, suggesting the structure was constructed and deposited during the Late Bronze Age.
Author
Author
The authors of this publication or report
Author:
Paul R J Duffy
Editor
Editor
The editor of the publication or report
Editor:
Debra Barrie
Publisher
Publisher
The publisher of the publication or report
Publisher:
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
Other people or organisations for this publication or report
Other Person/Org:
Christopher Burgess (Author contributing)
Mark Holmes (Author contributing)
Jennifer J Miller (Author contributing)
Susan Ramsey (Author contributing)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
The year the book, article or report was published
Year of Publication:
2006
ISBN
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN:
0 903903 88 1
Source
Source
Where the record has come from or which dataset it was orginally included in.
Source:
DigitalBorn
Related resources
Related resources
Other resources which are relevant to this publication or report
Relations:
Created Date
Created Date
The date the record of the pubication was first entered
Created Date:
16 May 2006
Chapter Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
Start/End Sort Order Up Arrow
Abstract
1 - 2
An archaeological excavation was carried out at Gearraidh na h'Aibhne near Calanais on the Isle of Lewis by Northamptonshire Archaeology, working for Glasgow University Archaeological Research Division (GUARD) as part of the Historic Scotland Human Remains Call Off Contract. The site, initially interpreted as a cist potentially containing a bog body, was identified during annual peat cutting. Excavation demonstrated that the feature was in fact an oval pit containing a quantity of hazel branches, capped with a number of flat slabs of Lewisian Gneiss. Several similar stones had been placed in the base of the feature, overlying more hazel branches. The observation of several branches placed vertically at the edges of the cut suggests that the wood remains may have originally constituted a wicker structure or basket. Further evidence of anthropogenic activity was identified in the form of bent and/or twisted hazel rods and cut marks on a larger piece of wood. Growth-ring analysis of the hazel pieces identified two distinct age clusters: a large group of pieces between five and seven years old and a smaller group between ten and 13 years old, indicating the hazel branches had been deliberately selected for size. Analysis of preserved botanical macrofossil remains indicated that heather type stems and Sphagnum moss might have been incorporated or deposited into the structure. Two radiocarbon dates of 1080-830 BC (SUERC-2086) and 1000-830 BC (SUERC-2087) at 2-sigma probability were obtained from two discrete samples of hazel, suggesting the structure was constructed and deposited during the Late Bronze Age.
Paul R J Duffy
3
Details of site location and the circumstances behind the investigation are presented.
4 - 6
This section provides details of the methodology employed and an archaeological description.
Christopher Burgess
Mark Holmes
4 - 6
Jennifer J Miller
Susan Ramsey
4 - 6
The wood assemblage comprised 58 hazel and 1 willow fragment. Organic remains included heather, cross-leafed heath leafy shoots, grass and sedge.
Paul R J Duffy
7
Two radiocarbon dates place the site in the later Bronze Age.
Jennifer J Miller
Susan Ramsay
7 - 10
Paul R J Duffy
8 - 14
The results suggest either that hazel was more available than has previously been suggested, or that a scarce resource was deliberately utilised as part of the wicker construction. An alternative possibility is that the hazel did not originate on the island at all, but was imported either as unworked lengths, or as a completed artefact. Further palaeobotanical study on the island may help to understand this issue more fully.
Paul R J Duffy
Jennifer J Miller
Susan Ramsay
12 - 14
14
16
Paul R J Duffy
An archaeological excavation was carried out at Gearraidh na h'Aibhne near Calanais on the Isle of Lewis by Northamptonshire Archaeology. The site, initially interpreted as a cist potentially containing a bog body, was identified during annual peat cutting. Excavation demonstrated that the feature was in fact an oval pit containing a quantity of hazel branches, capped with a number of flat slabs of Lewisian Gneiss. Several similar stones had been placed in the base of the feature, overlying more hazel branches. The observation of several branches placed vertically at the edges of the cut suggests that the wood remains may have originally constituted a wicker structure or basket. Further evidence of anthropogenic activity was identified in the form of bent and/or twisted hazel rods and cut marks on a larger piece of wood. Growth-ring analysis of the hazel pieces identified two distinct age clusters: a large group of pieces between five and seven years old and a smaller group between ten and 13 years old, indicating the hazel branches had been deliberately selected for size. Analysis of preserved botanical macrofossil remains indicated that heather type stems and Sphagnum moss might have been incorporated or deposited into the structure. Two radiocarbon dates of 1080--830 BC (SUERC-2086) and 1000--830 BC (SUERC-2087) at 2-sigma probability were obtained from two discrete samples of hazel, suggesting the structure was constructed and deposited during the Late Bronze Age.