Phillips, M., (2003). St Mary's Church Rushden, Hertfordshire - Archaeological Field Evaluation. Bedford: Albion Archaeology.

Title
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Title:
St Mary's Church Rushden, Hertfordshire - Archaeological Field Evaluation
Series
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Series:
Albion Archaeology unpublished report series
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Downloads:
albionar1-19270_1.pdf (356 kB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1004149
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
It was proposed to construct a French drain along the north side of St Mary''s Church, Rushden, Hertfordshire. Given the archaeological sensitivity of the area, the DAA issued a brief for an archaeological field evaluation prior to construction. The evaluation comprised the excavation of five test pits against the outside wall of the church. The results from the test pits demonstrate the presence of well preserved archaeological deposits relating to the earliest surviving parts of the church. The construction cut for the foundations of the chancel, nave and tower were identified at a high level in the soil profile. This demonstrates that the ground adjacent to the north wall of the church has not been subject to significant later disturbance. Pottery dated to the 12th or 13th century was found in a soil layer which appears to pre-date the construction of the nave and also in the fill of the construction trench for the foundations of the nave. In terms of dating evidence, this only proves that the earliest remains of the church found cannot be older than some time in the 12th or 13th century. The excavation did not recover any conclusive evidence on the relationship between the nave and chancel. However, on the basis of the pattern observed at other churches, it would appear likely that, together, these formed the original building. The test pits demonstrated that the buttresses of the nave were a later addition. It is likely that they were added during a late 15th century phase of construction. At this time the walls were increased in height and weakened by the insertion of larger windows.
Author
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Author:
M Phillips
Publisher
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Publisher:
Albion Archaeology
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Hertfordshire HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2003
Locations
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Locations:
Site: St Mary's Church, Rushden
Parish: RUSHDEN
District: NORTH HERTFORDSHIRE
County: HERTFORDSHIRE
Country: England
Grid Reference: 530540, 231765 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: Pottery Medieval
Monus: Church Medieval
Monus: Pit 20th Century
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: albionar1-19270
OBIB: 2003/60
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A4 bound report
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OASIS
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Created Date
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Created Date:
23 Nov 2016
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