Stastney, P., (2014). 3 WELL STREET, EXETER: GEOARCHAEOLOGICAL BOREHOLES. ARCA.

Title
Title
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Title:
3 WELL STREET, EXETER: GEOARCHAEOLOGICAL BOREHOLES
Series
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Series:
ARCA unpublished report series
Downloads
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Downloads:
arca1-210839_1.pdf (266 kB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1045863
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
On 1st July 2014, ARCA carried out a geoarchaeological borehole survey of a possible Medieval masonry-lined octagonal well located at 3 Well Street, Exeter. A borehole drilled in the centre of the Medieval structure encountered bedrock of the Whipton Formation at a depth of 3.26m. Layers of peat and organic mud overlying the bedrock between 3.26m and 2.08m depth appear to have formed in a vegetated wet environment, and may potentially predate the construction of the Medieval masonry structure. Coarser, more mineral rich strata containing traces of charcoal and CBM were encountered over the organic strata, filling in the Medieval well. Given the relatively shallow depth of the well, and the presence of peats which appear unlikely to have formed at the base of a covered well structure, it is hypothesised that the Medieval well may have been constructed at the site of a naturally occurring spring. The basal peat strata at the site may therefore have formed prior to the Medieval period in a wet hollow around this spring. 14C dating of the peat strata may be utilised to test this hypothesis. If the hypothesis that the well was constructed over a spring is correct, it is possible that water levels may, at times, have been near to the top of the masonry structure.
Author
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Author:
P Stastney
Publisher
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Publisher:
ARCA
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Exeter City HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2014
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: 3 Well Street
County: DEVON
District: EXETER
Parish: EXETER
Country: England
Grid Reference: 292555, 93204 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: DEPOSIT Uncertain
Monus: WELL Medieval
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: arca1-210839
OBIB: 1314-17
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Report in PDF format.
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OASIS
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Created Date
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Created Date:
12 Feb 2018
 Location