Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Variants of Forlimpopoli:

[Dressel 9 & 10 similis - Lyon]

Distinctive Features

This flat-bottomed type was named after the town in Emilia-Romagna in north-eastern Italy where kilns producing it were found. Aldini (1978; 1981) divided it into four sub-types, A-D, which are broadly similar but exhibit minor differences. All sub-types have a flat base with a diameter roughly equivalent to that of the neck. The base flares slightly outwards in types B and C. The body is ovoid, tapering downwards, though the body of sub-type C is more rounded than the other three types. The neck is conical (though verging on cylindrical in sub-types A and D) with a simple rounded rim (slightly everted in type B). The handles rise vertically from the rounded shoulder, peaking a little over the join with the neck in sub-types A and B: sub-types C and D are more right-angled. The handles in section are generally ridged, long and rest on top of the swelling shoulder.

See also the comparable Spello and Empoli types.
See characteristics

Date Range

Aldini (1978; 1981) proposed from contextual evidence that this type was produced from the first and throughout the second century AD (Aldini, 1989; 1995; 1996; Panella, 2002) . Sciallano & Sibella (1991) suggest that it was produced from a little earlier (first century BC) until the third century.
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD] [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD]


The type was produced in Forlimpopoli in north-eastern Italy (Aldini, 1978; 1981; 1999; 2000), though it is clear that other kiln sites situated in and around Rimini produced similar flat-bottomed types (Maioli & Stoppioni, 1989).
Search: [Italy] [North West Europe]


Around the northern Adriatic, Ostia (Tchernia, 1987), Benghazi (Riley, 1979), Pannonia, Moesia, Tanais, Russia, and throughout the Mediterranean (Aldini, 1999; 2000).
Search: [Central Europe] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Egypt] [Greece] [Greek Islands] [Italy] [North Africa] [The Balkans] [Western Mediterranean]


On the basis of shape and contents analysis, wine is suggested for sub-type C and garum for sub-types A and D (Aldini, 1995; 1996; 2000).
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Wine]


Principal contributors: David Williams, Clementina Panella and Giorgio Rizzi


Benghazi Mid Roman Amphora 13
Peacock & Williams 42


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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