Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Keay 61 A, B & D

Keay 61 A, B & D

Courtesy of the Church of S. Maria, Tarrasa
Simon Keay

Distinctive Features

Keay (1984) subdivides this type into five variants (A-E). The more frequent are variants A-B-D (variant C is treated separately). Generally, this type comprises a cylindrical body with a gently tapering base and a very distinctive conical foot with a ring-shaped bulge and a short rounded bottom which may have acted as a sort of axial pivot.

Variant A (classic) : The upper section has a sharply curved shoulder and tall conical neck. The rim has a pronounced everted profile, with a slightly splayed outer face and a shallow undercut at its junction with the neck. The handles are tall and circular in profile and elliptical in section, while the attachment to the neck is generally marked by a finger impression on the inside.

Variant B (early ?) : The shoulder here has a more rounded hemispherical profile, while the neck has a similar profile to Variant A although it is lower and squatter. The rim is also similar except that the undercut at its junction with the neck is less marked. Finally, the handles have a more rounded profile.

Variant D (early): This variant is characterised by a shallow grove running around the inside of the rim at its lower point. Perhaps a transition form between types Keay 62 and 61.
See characteristics

Date Range

Mid-fifth century through to the seventh century.
Search: [7th century AD]


Produced at Leptiminus and Moknine in the Sahel region of Tunisia (Dore, 2001; Bonifay, 2004).
Search: [North Africa] [Tunisia]


Very broad distribution in the western Mediterranean (Spain, south of France and, Italy) and is also present in eastern Mediterranean. Numerous examples in Spain (Keay, 1984; Reynolds, 1995; Remolà, 2000), the south of France, especially Marseille (Bonifay, 1986; Bonifay & Piéri, 1995; Bien, 2003; 2005), Italy (at Sant’Antonino; Murialdo, 2001; Saguì 1998) and the eastern Mediterranean at Chios (Boardman, 1989) and Samos (Hautumm, 1981).
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Greek Islands] [Italy] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]




Principal contributor: Michel Bonifay

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