Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Keay 34

Distinctive Features

Two examples are published in Keay (1984) but only the first one seems to really correspond to this amphora now known by two complete examples at Dougga (Tunisia) (Bonifay, 2004). Keay’s original description can now be completed in the following way :
The body of this type was tall and nearly perfectly cylindrical with a wide shoulder and tall cylindrical neck. The rim consisted of a developed flange with an upright face and triangular section. The handles were ear-shaped in profile and elliptical in section. The lower section of the body tapered to a narrow base terminating in a filled spinning top-shaped spike.

There are two probable variants (Bonifay, 2004):
- A: broad and upright band-shaped rim, the of which neck is perfectly cylindrical
- B: triangular-in-section rim with hanging lip, the neck is slightly widened in the upper section with combed decoration on certain examples.
See characteristics

Date Range

Mainly sixth to seventh centuries AD, with early variants of fifth century AD date.
Search: [5th century AD] [6th century AD] [7th century AD]


The fabric suggests southern Byzacena, perhaps the region between El Jem and Acholla (Bonifay, 2004).
Search: [North Africa] [Tunisia]


In Tunisia, this type is frequent in the region of El Jem. Thinly distributed in the western Mediterranean (Catalunya, southern France, Liguria and Sicily), and in the eastern Mediterranean (Egypt) and Romania. There are numerous examples from a survey of the Tunisian coastline (Bonifay et al., 2002-2003). In the western Mediterranean, apart from the examples from Catalunya (Keay, 1984), examples are known from Sant’Antonino di Perti (Murialdo, 2001) and Giarrananti (Sicily) (Basile, 1996). The example from Tomi (Romania) bears a titulus pictus (Opaiţ, 1997-98).
Search: [Black Sea] [France] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Spain] [Tunisia] [Western Mediterranean]




Principal contributor: Michel Bonifay

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