Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Opaiţ B1

Variants of Opaiţ B1:

[Kuzmanov 15]

Distinctive Features

This is a type with a long evolution. Many scholars have considered some of the subtypes identified by Opaiţ to be separate types; however the main criteria for grouping these subtypes were the fabric and a morphological likeness. The main trend of this amphora type is a change from an ovoid shape in the early Roman times towards a more cylindrical body in the late Roman times and a continuing reduction in capacity especially during the second half of the fourth and fifth centuries AD. This type is also know as the Mirmekion type (Zeest, 1960), found at the Villa Dionysios (Hayes, 1983) dating from the third quarter of the second century AD. These amphorae are large with rounded rims, cylindrical necks and a long cylindrical body ending in a knob. Some completely preserved examples have been discovered near Chersonesos, and show that different sizes existed for this type. By the end of the fourth century the dimensions are generally reduced.
See characteristics

Date Range

This type had a long evolution from the second to the fifth centuries AD.
Search: [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD] [4th century AD] [5th century AD]


Search: [Unknown]


This amphora was discovered in the Villa Dionysios, Crete and some complete examples were discovered in the cemetery called "Sovhoz No. 10" near Chersonesos, Ukraine. It also appeared in Dobrudja, Romania at Callatis (Preda, 1980: 29), Greci (Opaiţ, 1991b), Sarichioi (Baumann, pers. Comm.) and Aegussus. In the northern part of the Pontic Basin, it occurs at Mirmekion (Langovaija, 1941) and Tyras (Kravchenko & Korpusova, 1975). At the end of the fourth century it was being used at Topraichioi (Opaiţ, 1991c: 213), Iatrus (Böttger, 1982) and Murighiol (Opaiţ, 1991b).
Search: [Black Sea] [Central Europe] [Crete] [Greek Islands] [The Aegean]


An amphora of the earlier type was discovered in a building used for fish processing at Mirmekion (Langovaya, 1941: 19-21; Gajdukevich, 1952: 207, Fig. 124), although as it could be a reused container, wine cannot be ruled out.
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Fish-based products] [Wine]


Principal contributor: Andrei Opaiţ


Böttger 3-1
Kuzmanov 15
Mirmekion amphora

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