Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Opaiţ C2

Distinctive Features

This amphora is not dissimilar to the Torone 7, though the neck is shorter and the body more consistently elliptical. The rim is simple and rounded, with slight thickening inside and out, or only bevelled outside. The neck is short and cylindrical, the body ovoid with grooving over most of the surface. The body is ridged and is thin-walled. The base consists of a very short spike. It is ovoid at the beginning of the fourth century at Novae (Gacuta & Sarnowski, 1981: Fig.54.2), Torone (Papadopoulos, 1989: Fig.13a), and becomes bag-shaped. Opaiţ notes a tendency for the body to become slightly more bag-shaped in later incarnations (Opaiţ, 1996: 210).
See characteristics

Date Range

The example from Novae was fourth century.
Search: [4th century AD]


It bears quite frequently graffiti and dipinti with Greek characters indicating capacities between 22 and 32 litres. An example discovered at Topraichioi has on its handle the stamp EYT (yche). An amphora discovered at Tomi bears dipinti on the
shoulder: KA (21 sextarii). All these elements point towards an Aegean area. An amphora fragment discovered at Elée seems to belong to this type, but the authors do not describe the fabric of this fragment (Empereur & Picon, 1986: 14, Fig.2).
Search: [Black Sea] [The Aegean]


This amphora is quite frequently found in Dobrudja at Teliţa-Valea Morilor (Baumann, 1995: 423, Type 4, Pl. X/2), Topraichioi (Opaiţ, 1991c: 216, Pl.18; 19/1,3), Murighiol (Opaiţ, 1991b: 145, Pl. 16/96), Tomi (Rădulescu, 1976: 107, Pl. VII/3; another two examples in the museum’s storeroom, inv. no. 8044, 8045), and Noviodunum (Barnea et al, 1984, Pl. IX/1,2); in the north it occurs at Tyras (Kravchenko & Korpusova, 1975, Fig. 5/4), in Bulgaria at Iatrus (Böttger, 1982: 104, No. 112, Pl. 19) and Odessos (Kuzmanov, 1985: Pl.3/A27-28), and in the eastern Mediterranean at Chios and Thasos (Picard & Sodini, 1972, 941-9) (Opaiţ, 1996: 210).
Search: [Black Sea] [Central Europe] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Greek Islands] [The Aegean]


Traces of pitch on the inner surfaces of vessels suggest wine or fish sauce as a content (Opaiţ, 1996: 211).

Graffiti and dipinti indicate a capacity of between 22 and 32 litres.


Principal contributor: Andrei Opaiţ


Torone 3

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