Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo


Distinctive Features

This is a large amphora with tronco-conical body and hollow cylindrical toe. The shoulder is marked off by a strong carination, and often bears a double grooved band. It has a tall, cylindrical neck, and a convex rim are with a marked concave inner face (lid seat?). The handles are long and wide with a deep central groove. Thicker-walled than the contemporary ‘Beirut amphora’. Overall features similar to Portuguese Sado region versions of Dressel 14 (e.g. those of Porto Dos Cacos, Cordeiro Raposo, 1990: 142-5, Figs. 29 and 31).
See characteristics

Date Range

Late first century AD c.100 to mid third century AD.
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD]


One of three amphora types produced in a kiln-workshop production excavated in Beirut (site BEY 015).
Search: [Lebanon] [The Levant]


Common in Beirut. Not attested elsewhere.
Search: [Lebanon] [The Levant]


Though the grooved handle recalls Koan wine amphorae and Syrian copies of that form (i.e. the Amrit / Tartus amphora), the similarities with Dressel 14 may indicate that it transported Beirut fish sauce rather than wine.
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Wine]


Principal contributor: Paul Reynolds

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo