Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Dressel 2-4 Flat-based

Dressel 2-4 Flat-based

Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum
David Williams

Distinctive Features

The top half of this type appears to be exactly the same as a normal Dr. 2-4 type, with simple bead rim, long neck and bifid handles. However, the body is much shorter, is ovoid in shape with widening shoulders and ends in a flat base rather that a spike (Panella & Fano, 1977). It may be copying the flat based amphorae from Gaul (Panella, 2002).
See characteristics

Date Range

First century AD.
Search: [1st century AD]


The fabric in all of the examples seen by the writer indicates a Pompeiian origin.
Search: [Italy] [North West Europe]


The only complete examples seen by this contributor (DFW) comes from Pompeii. However, given that the top half is exactly the same as the normal Pompeian Dr. 2-4 form, breakages could made this harder to recognise, meaning that its distribution could be much wider than is currently apparent.
Search: [Italy] [North West Europe]


Wine. Its capacity is about half as much as a normal Dressel 2-4, c. 10-12 litres (Peacock & Williams, 1986).
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributors: David Williams and Clementina Panella


Callender 2
Koan Amphora
Peacock & Williams 10

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