Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Keay 36

Distinctive Features

This amphora is morphologically related to Keay 27 but the body is slightly smaller, more globular, and "terminated in a rounded base and affixed button foot"(Keay, 1984). "The upper section consists of a full rounded shoulder" with "an hourglass neck profile" (variant A) or a "short stubby cone-shaped neck" (variant B). The rim can be "everted with a clearly defined outer face", separated by an offset at its junction with the neck (variant A), or developing "a circular section" (variant B). The handles are thick, well grooved and with a squared profile, joining the amphora on the shoulder and a short distance below the rim. Variant B is more common than variant A.
See characteristics

Date Range

End of the fourth and mainly fifth centuries AD
Search: [4th century AD] [5th century AD]


Fabric and shape support a Tunisian origin, perhaps in the north-west region.
Search: [North Africa] [Tunisia]


Distributed in Tunisia, mainly in the Carthage region, and broadly across the western Mediterranean (Catalunya, southern France and Italy). Some examples are known from the eastern Mediterranean. Examples at Carthage (Peacock, 1984c), in Catalunya (Keay, 1984; Remolà, 2000), southern France (Bonifay, 1986; Bonifay et al., 1998), at Rome (Whitehouse et alii, 1982), in Egypt (Bonifay, 2004), and at Tomi (Romania) (Opaiţ, 2004).
Search: [Black Sea] [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Spain] [Tunisia] [Western Mediterranean]


Unknown. Olive oil is a strong possibility but other contents cannot be excluded, not least because some examples are lined with pitch (Bonifay, 2004).
Search: [Olive Oil]


Principal contributor: Michel Bonifay

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