Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo

Beltrán 2B

Beltrán 2B

Courtesy of Museo Arqueoloõgico de Granada
Simon Keay

Distinctive Features

This has a thick everted rim with a tapering lip and long handles sharply bent over directly below the rim. There is a wide neck and a body which widens towards the base with a longish spike, either hollow or solid (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; Peacock & Williams, 1986; García Vargas, 1998). In the latest stage of production, the handles are joined to the rim. There is a smaller variant (parva) of this form (= Augst 30).
See characteristics

Date Range

Tiberian-Claudian to the late middle of the second century AD (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; Panella, 1973).
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD]


Widely produced along the southern Spanish coast (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; Peacock, 1974).

Workshops have been located in the following modern provinces of southern Spain. Huelva: Pinguele (Bonares); La Orden (Huelva); Jimenos (Moguer); El Eucaliptal (Punta Umbría).
Cádiz: Venta del Carmen (Los Barrios); El Olivar (Chipiona); Estella del Marqués, Martelilla, Rabatún, Rancho Perea, El Tesorillo, El Torno (Jerez de la Frontera); Gallineras, Fadricas (San Fernando); Casa de la Vicuña, La Florida, San Ignacio (El Puerto de Santa María); El Almendral, La Cabaña II, La Cachucha, Casa de la Tinaja, Cerería, Fábrica Lavalle, Malas Noches, Olivar de los Valencianos, Puente Melchor, Villanueva (Puerto Real); Villa Victoria (San Roque).
Málaga: C/ Carretería, Puente Carranque (Málaga); Colmenares; Huerta del Rincón (Torremolinos); Manganeto (Vélez-Málaga).
Granada: Loma de Ceres (Molvízar); El Maraute (Torrenueva-Motril); Matagallares.
Search: [North West Europe] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


It is distributed widely in the western Roman Empire (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; Peacock, 1971; Panella, 1973) and also occurs in north Africa and in the eastern Mediterranean (Riley, 1979).

Known finds spots include: Almería, Cartagena, Santa Pola, Alicante, Jávea, Valencia, Torrent, Sagunto, Nules, Burriana, Alcocebre, Creixell, Sitges, Mataró, Girona, Lugo, Santa Tecla, Cangas de Morrazo, La Guardia, Albacete, Sevilla, Écija, Córdoba, Jaén; Bracara Augusta, Lisboa; Volubilis, Banasa, Cotta, Mogador, Septem; Carthage; Rome, Pompeii, Vada Volaterrana; Augst; Caesarea Maritima; London, Chichester, Colchester, Leicester, Chester (Carreras Monfort, 2000).
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [Great Britain] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Portugal] [Spain] [Switzerland] [The Levant] [Tunisia] [Western Mediterranean]


Fish-based products (Beltrán Lloris, 1970), although some inscriptions could refer to wine:

muriae flos arguta, on Beltrán 2B found in the vicinity of Fuentes de Andalucía, Sevilla.
muriae flos, on Beltrán 2B found at Écija, Sevilla.
muriae flos excellens on Beltrán 2B found at the Saint Gervais shipwreck.
liquamen argutum summaur excellens on Beltrán 2B found at Fréjus.
vin(um) r(ubrum) Aur(elianum) vet(us) on Beltrán 2B found at the Saint Gervais shipwreck.
vin(um) si( ) ve( ) on Beltrán 2B found at Arles.


Principal contributor: Lazaro Lagóstena


Augst 26
Augst 28
Ostia 58
Peacock & Williams 19


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo