Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Campanian almond-rim type

Campanian almond-rim type

Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum
David Williams

Distinctive Features

This amphora form has only recently been identified (Arthur & Williams, 1992) and was one of the regional products that superseded the Dressel 2-4 when Italy began to lose its trade dominance in amphorae during the second/third centuries AD. It has a broadly similar shape to the Dressel 2-4 form, although there are some typological changes. The handles are oval or round in section instead of bifid and the rim is almond-shaped, with a long cylindrical body and a slightly flaring spike.
See characteristics

Date Range

Its absence from Pompeii indicates that it was not produced before AD 79, probably first appearing in the second century. A titulus pictus from San Clemente in Rome gives an absolute consular date of AD 216 (Arthur 1987), and it has been found in contexts at Ostia dating to between AD 230 and 283. The South Shields sherds were dated AD 250-350.
Search: [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD] [4th century AD]


Arthur & Williams (1992) identify four fabrics, three of which are probably Campanian and one which may possibly be Calabrian. Of these, the most easily recognizable is the black-sand fabric (C), which suggests production in the bay of Naples area.
Search: [Italy] [North West Europe]


The type has been found at various sites around Italy, including Rome, Ostia, Cales and Naples. It has also been identified at various sites in Britain at York, Catterick, Claydon Pike, South Shields fort on Hadrians Wall and at Augst in Switzerland (Martin-Kilcher, 1994: Fig. 126).
Search: [Great Britain] [Italy] [North West Europe] [Portugal] [Spain] [Switzerland] [Western Mediterranean]


Based on the similarity to the wine-carrying Dressel 2-4, wine is a very strong possibility.
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: David Williams


Almond rim type

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