Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo

Dressel 23

Dressel 23

Courtesy of Musée Archaéologique Intercommunal d’Istres
David Williams

Distinctive Features

This type is a smaller version of late Dressel 20 type. Martin-Kilcher (1983; 1994) demonstrates the evolution of this type from Dressel 20. Keay (1984) divided it into five variants (Keay 13A-E) and one related type (Keay 13Bis), primarily based on rim variants. Berni (1998) created a new classification that draws a clearer picture of all these types, provided under 'Drawings'. The type generally features a short triangular rim just beneath which are two small oval handles, a bulbous, lemon-shaped body and a short spike. It is occasionally stamped towards the summit of the handle.
See characteristics

Date Range

Originally thought to date from the third to fourth centuries AD (Beltrán, 1970; Manacorda, 1977a; Berni, 1998), excavations at Lyon, Arles and Marseille have yielded examples dating to between the late fifth and early sixth centuries AD (Becker et al., 1989; Bonifay & Piéri 1995).
Search: [3rd century AD] [4th century AD] [5th century AD] [6th century AD]


Same area of origin as Dressel 20, with production attested at many kiln sites along the river Guadalquivir and its tributaries between Seville and Córdoba (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; 1978; Manacorda, 1977a).
Search: [North West Europe] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Germany and Algeria (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; Manacorda, 1977a; Beltrán Lloris, 1983; Keay, 1984; Fabião, pers.comm.). Also found in Scythia at Murighiol and Topraichioi (Opaiţ, 1996: 226).
Search: [Black Sea] [Central Europe] [France] [Germany] [Great Britain] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Portugal] [Spain] [The Balkans] [Western Mediterranean]


Inscriptions suggest olive-based products (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; Keay, 1984, Rodríguez Almeida, 1984) such as olive oil and possibly olives (CIL XV.4803 and CIL XV.4804).
Search: [Olive Oil] [Olives]


Principal contributor: César Carreras


Dressel 23
Keay 13A
Peacock & Williams 26


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo