Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo

Almagro 54

Click on the image to see larger versions of each image.

Almagro 54 Almagro 54 Almagro 54 Almagro 54 Almagro 54 Almagro 54 Almagro 54
Almagro 54 fabric


Equivalent to: GAM AM of the National Roman Fabric Reference Collection (Tomber & Dore, 1998: 96), and P&W AM66 (Tomber & Dore, 1998:111)

Visual characteristics

A hard, thick sandy fabric with a little white limestone scattered throughout, drab brown (5YR 5/6) in colour, sometimes with a greyish core (10YR 5/1). Another production noted in Beirut (from the Negev?) has a rather smooth cream outer surface (use of salt water?) and a pale red-orange well fired, fairly fine fabric with common fine-.5mm quartz, often with lime eruptions on the surface. It can readily be distinguished from the classic ‘Gazan’ clay.


Classic ‘Gazan’ fabric. Abundant well-sorted angular and subangular grains of quartz and occasional plagioclase felspar. The average size of the grains is 0.05-0.1 mm across, though there is a sparse scatter of slightly larger grains which are often well rounded. Also present are some fragments of microcrystalline limestone with indistinct fossil remains and occasionally (?) fossil shell with augite and tourmaline as accessory minerals. This composition and texture compares well with a sample of modern fired clay from Gaza (Peacock, 1975).


ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo