Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Agora G199

No thin sections available

Agora G199 fabric

Visual characteristics

The type occurs in numerous different fabrics. The diversity is presumably due to the de-centralized production over a comparatively wide region. It has been suggested that fabrics rich in mica might originate in Rough Cilicia and those without mica in Cyprus (Lund, 2000a: 569-70), but this hypothesis needs to be tested through scientific analyses. At Anemurium, the clay is described as medium-grained with a very gritty texture full of small white lime particles, small red and dark coloured grits, fine silver mica and silica flakes. It occurs in two colours, presumably produced as the result of different firing conditions. One is orange (close to 2.5YR5/8 or 4/8) The second main colour is dark red with a distinctive purplish tinge (somewhat like 10R3/6) (Williams, 1989: 91). At the BiƧkici kiln site, the fabric was very fine light red (5 YR 6/6 or 6/8), usually with a buff surface. With a hand lens fresh breaks are micaceous and still very fine: a moderate or sparse number of rounded red and black grits just on the edge of visibility (Rauh, 2004: 331). In the villa of Dionysos, Hayes (1991: 91) distinguished two fabrics: 1) hard pinkish-red, fired brownish at surface (sometimes brownish inclusions); 2) yellowish buff, slightly sandy and rather softer than (1). Red-ware examples somewhat thinner and more finely made than those in buff ware; fabrics not always clearly differentiated; he considers the second group Cypriot. It is not easy to group isolated finds (cf. Leonard, 1995: 144-5) into these categories. The late version - typified by Robinson, 1959 M239 - is often of a deep red fabric (Hayes, 1991: 91). However, it occurs in other fabrics as well (Slane, 1994: 136; Rauh, 2004: 330).


Petrological details not yet available.


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