Excavation at Cricklepit Street, Exeter 1974 (Exeter archive site 48)

Cotswold Archaeology, Exeter City Council, 2015

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Cotswold Archaeology, Exeter City Council (2015) Excavation at Cricklepit Street, Exeter 1974 (Exeter archive site 48) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1035185

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Introduction

Excavation at Cricklepit Street, Exeter 1974 (Exeter archive site 48)

Following the collapse of a forty-metre length of the City Wall, the City Engineer's Department undertook emergency measures to consolidate the rest of the wall in this area.

Five trenches were excavated by machine at its back to check the stability of the wall and the deposits behind it. It proved possible, in one trench, to remove some of the layers under controlled conditions, and thus to retrieve material with which to date the 5 main periods of activity revealed there and elsewhere.

A few indeterminate features dating to about 60-75 AD were found; finds included 2 military fittings. Much material was dumped in the area during the late 1st or early 2nd century. Pottery from a low broad bank of dumped clay and soil, interpreted as representing the rampart, indicates a late 2nd century date. A wall was cut back into the front of the rampart. The medieval period was represented by a wall which had replaced the demolished city wall. It had previously been taken to be part of the original Roman wall but clearance of part of its two-metre wide foundation trench produced late medieval material.