Excavations at Holloway Street, Exeter 1974 (Exeter archive site 50)

Cotswold Archaeology, Exeter City Council, 2015

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Exeter City Council
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Cotswold Archaeology, Exeter City Council (2015) Excavations at Holloway Street, Exeter 1974 (Exeter archive site 50) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1035187

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Introduction

Excavations at Holloway Street, Exeter 1974 (Exeter archive site 50)

From September to November 1974 excavations took place at the top of Holloway Street in advance of a new road scheme and housing for the area. The site was excavated by the Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit.

The Holloway Street site was situated about 60 metres south-east of the South Gate of the City Wall at SX 9226/9212 and was outside the Roman legionary fortress about 200 metres south-east of the suspected site of the porta principalis sinistra of the defences. The site was divided into two distinct and stratigraphically isolated areas. The separation between the two areas was caused by the presence of a large and wide Civil War ditch - part of the Exeter defences of that period.

Excavation was by the open area method with accompanying sections to recover details of the stratigraphy.

Remains of the post-medieval, medieval, Civil War and Roman civil periods were recorded overlying and cutting features of the Roman military period. this period, at Exeter, is dated from c AD 55/60 - c 75/80. Roman military levels were first encountered on the site at about 29 metres above Ordnance Datum.