St Anthony's Finds Record

Kevin Camidge, 2008

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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

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Kevin Camidge (2008) St Anthony's Finds Record [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]


The site is situated a short distance offshore from Gunwalloe Fishing Cove, on Lizard, Cornwall. The wreck was discovered in the late 1970s by a local shellfish diver. It was probably exposed as a result of aggregate extraction from the beach which continues to the present day. It came to the attention of Richard Larn in 1981, in which year he and a group of local divers started underwater investigation of the site. A number of artefacts were recovered which led them to identify the wreck as that of the St. Anthony. Described as a "fine ship" belonging to King John III of Portugal, the St. Anthony was wrecked on 19th January 1527 while sailing from Flanders to Portugal. The vessel had a crew of 86 and was carrying a valuable cargo.

No proper record of the items recovered from this wreck exists. The relatively early date of the wreck (1527 - earlier than the Mary Rose) and the existence of an inventory of the St. Anthony's cargo make this an important assemblage of material.


The principal aim of the project was to produce a record of the objects recovered from the wreck. The existing record of the objects has been prepared for deposition with the NMR and ADS. The data fields have been updated so that they conform with the existing NMR thesauri. The file types and structures have been made compliant with the ADS input requirements.


There are 305 records in the database and 687 digital photographs. The total size of the digital record is about 1 Gigabyte. All the known objects recovered from the site have been included in the "finds database". The majority of the objects recorded are on display at Pengersick Castle. Some objects recovered from the wreck are also held at the British Museum and Charlestown Museum and some are in private hands.

The table below shows the data fields used in the database. The whole database can be downloaded as a .csv spreadsheet from the downloads page.

Data FieldData TypeNotes and NMR Thesauraus
ID NoNumberUnique identifier. Note that some numbers in the sequence were not used - in which case the record is marked 'number not used'.
O classTextObject class in(mda archaeological objects) or (Test thesaurus fixtures and fittings - Ship fittings) where relevant entries exist.
O typeTextObject type in (mda archaeological objects) or (Test thesaurus fixtures and fittings - Ship fittings) where relevant entries exist.
O nameTextObject name - Preferred term in (mda archaeological objects) or (test thesaurus fixtures and fittings - Ship fittings) where relevant entries exist.
MaterialText(RCHME building materials) where relevant entries exist.
NumbersNumericWhere multiple and numerous identical objects exist (eg 5 musket balls) this field shows how many there are.
DescriptionTextDescription of the object.
ConditionText(REP93 condition).
DIMTextDimensions in mm.
WeightNumericWeight of object in grams - only recorded for items such as ingots, shot etc where weight is relevant.
FDateTextFind date - the date the object ws recovered where known.
MarkedTextWhere the object is marked with a number or identifier this is recorded.
Acquisition dateTextDate acquired or recovered, where known.
Current locationTextWhere the object was located when the finds record was made..
PhotographsTextPhotos - each photograph has a unique number recorded here. Most objects have more than one photograph.
NotesTextUsed for additional information.

Abbreviations used

Location of objects:
BM - British Museum.
CSM - Charlestown Shipwreck Museum.
LHC - Longstone Heritage Centre, Isles of Scilly.
MH - Mike Hall, Ruan Minor, Cornwall.
PC - Pengerisick Castle, Praa Sands, Cornwall.
RL - Richard Larn, Isles of Scilly.