Towns in Transition in the First Millennium AD: York as a Case Study

Ian Milsted, Jenni Butterworth, 2020

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Drakon Heritage and Conservation

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Ian Milsted, Jenni Butterworth (2020) Towns in Transition in the First Millennium AD: York as a Case Study [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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This report is derived from Historic England funded project 3437 Towns in Transition in the First Millennium AD: York as a Case Study. The project had its origins in a 2002 workshop in York involving York Archaeological Trust, English Heritage and several eminent archaeologists then studying Roman and early-medieval Britain. The intention of the meeting was to consider routes forward for the analysis and publication of a number of important excavations of sites in York from the first millennium AD, mostly undertaken in the 1980s, before the introduction of PPG16.

After an extended project design period, project 3437 was commissioned from York Archaeological Trust by English Heritage in March 2008, with an intended completion date of June 2009. The aim of the project was to provide an assessment of the archaeological resource and recommendations for future analysis. The project was subject to a number of delays, but a draft assessment report and updated project design was submitted in June 2011. A phase of revision followed, and a final draft manuscript was produced in February 2014.

The intention was to publish a hard copy monograph from the draft manuscript, and funding avenues for this had been explored prior to the 2014 submission. However, a publication was not achieved at this time and for various reasons, primarily organisational change at both institutions, the project stalled: now in 2020, it is no longer feasible to pursue the original aim of a monograph publication. However, both Historic England and York Archaeological Trust consider that the project generated original research that merits publication in draft form.

What is published below is the February 2014 draft manuscript (Assessment Report and Updated Project Design v.4.0, 14 February 2014). Version 4.0 was a final draft which had taken account of internal review by English Heritage, but had not been subject to external peer review. The text below is unaltered from version 4.0 except for the removal of personnel details and recommendations for specialist work which are no longer relevant. The figure and section numbering is not finalised, although the cross-referencing within the text is internally consistent. The content has not been updated to reflect subsequent scholarship or investigation, and the reader should thus be aware that it will have been superseded in places. The publication of this document should not be considered as an indicator of the current research or policy aims of either York Archaeological Trust or Historic England: it is provided as a legacy document only, to place in the public domain results of research undertaken between 2008-2014.

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