Hollis Croft, Sheffield, South Yorkshire. Archaeological Excavation (OASIS ID: wessexar1-309354)

Milica Rajic, Ashley Tuck, Emma Carter, Jenny Crangle, 2020

Data copyright © Wessex Archaeology, Emma Carter, Jenny Crangle unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons License

Johnson Associated (UK) Ltd logo

Primary contact

Wessex Archaeology
Portway House
Old Sarum Park
Tel: 01722 326867
Fax: 01722 337562

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:

Sample Citation for this DOI

Milica Rajic, Ashley Tuck, Emma Carter, Jenny Crangle (2020) Hollis Croft, Sheffield, South Yorkshire. Archaeological Excavation (OASIS ID: wessexar1-309354) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1079016

Wessex Archaeology logo


Hollis Croft, Sheffield, South Yorkshire. Archaeological Excavation (OASIS ID: wessexar1-309354)

The remains of two well-preserved mid- to late-19th century cementation furnaces were recorded. The refractory chambers ('chests') of the furnaces had been replaced, probably due to an inadequate provision of flues in the original design. Details of the furnaces were recorded, including the stoke hole entrance doors and the arrangement of 'fire bars' upon which fires were set in the underlying ash pits of the furnaces.

Metallurgical analysis supported the view that the refractory lining of the chests (the 'crozzle') was derived from 'wheelswarf' produced by edge tool grinding. For the first time, it was confirmed that this crozzle extended up the interior sides of the refractory chamber. Another apparently new observation is that of the impression of the ferrous bars in the surface of the crozzle layer. Two crucible furnaces were identified. The crucible furnaces could not be closely dated. The cementation furnaces and crucible furnaces were part of separate works and there is no evidence to relate them

To the north of the cementation furnaces was an area of slightly later development characterised by the use of black ash mortar rather than lime mortar. This area included extensive cellars supporting a network of flues. Domestic housing and public houses were also investigated. The pottery assemblage was unusually broadly dated for Sheffield and represents a significant result. The clay tobacco pipe assemblage was of interest and examples of pipes were illustrated. A medieval penny was also recovered from a 19th century context.

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo