Haslam, M. (2006). Potential misidentification of in situ archaeological tool-residues:. J Archaeol Sci 33 (1). Vol 33(1), pp. 114-121.

Title
Title
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Title:
Potential misidentification of in situ archaeological tool-residues:
Subtitle
Subtitle
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Subtitle:
starch and conidia
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 33 (1)
Series
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
33 (1)
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
114 - 121
Biblio Note
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Publication Type
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Microscopic identification of organic residues in situ on the surface of archaeological artefacts is an established procedure. Where soil components morphologically similar to use-residue types exist within the soil, however, there remains the possibility that these components may be misidentified as authentic residues. The present study investigates common soil components known as conidia, fungal spores which may be mistaken for starch grains. Conidia may exhibit the rotating extinction cross under cross-polarised light commonly diagnostic of starch, and may be morphologically indistinguishable from small starch grains, particularly at the limits of microscope resolution. Conidia were observed on stone and ceramic archaeological artefacts from Honduras, Palau and New Caledonia, as well as experimental artefacts from Papua New Guinea. The findings act as a caution that in situ analysis of residues, and especially of those less than 5 µm in size, may be subject to misidentification.
Author
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Author:
Michael Haslam
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2006
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Artefacts (Auto Detected Subject))
Ceramic Archaeological Artefacts (Auto Detected Subject))
Source
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Source:
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
Created Date
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Created Date:
12 May 2006