Smith, M. J., Brickley, M. B. and Leach, S. (2007). Experimental evidence for lithic projectile injuries:. J Archaeol Sci 34 (4). Vol 34(4), pp. 540-553.

Title
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Title:
Experimental evidence for lithic projectile injuries:
Subtitle
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Subtitle:
improving identification of an under-recognised phenomenon
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 34 (4)
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
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Volume:
34 (4)
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
540 - 553
Biblio Note
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Whilst finds of embedded projectile points in human and animal bone are not uncommon, identifications of such wounds in the absence of embedded points are rare. Previous experimentation involving archaic projectiles has not examined the effects of stone-tipped projectiles on bone. The paper presents the results of experiments in which samples of animal bone were impacted with flint-tipped arrows. The results demonstrate that positive identifications can be made, both grossly and microscopically, of bony trauma caused by flint projectiles. In addition, flint projectiles are shown to often leave small embedded fragments, which can also be identified microscopically. These results compare well with archaeological examples of suspected `arrow wounds' and the article demonstrates the practical application of this data in identifying such injuries. By facilitating the recognition of projectile trauma these findings will have significance both for the investigation of hunting strategies and levels of conflict amongst early human societies.
Author
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Author:
Martin J Smith
Megan B Brickley
Stephany L Leach
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2007
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Bone (Auto Detected Subject))
Human Societies (Auto Detected Subject))
Flinttipped Arrows (Auto Detected Subject))
Flint (Auto Detected Subject))
Animal Bone (Auto Detected Subject))
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
Created Date
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Created Date:
10 May 2007