Albanese, J., Cardoso, H. F V. and Saunders, S. (2005). Universal methodology for developing univariate sample-specific sex determination methods:. J Archaeol Sci 32 (1). Vol 32(1), pp. 143-152.

Title
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Title:
Universal methodology for developing univariate sample-specific sex determination methods:
Subtitle
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Subtitle:
an example using the epicondylar breadth of the humerus
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 32 (1)
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
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Volume:
32 (1)
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Page Start/End:
143 - 152
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Abstract
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The authors present a new methodology for developing sample-specific metric sex determination methods using unidentified individuals that can be applied to archaeological samples. The methodology does not require the assessment of sex of a large sample from pelvic morphological features as a first step in developing the method and instead is developed from a sample of individuals with sex unknown. The procedure involves using the overall mean of a measurement collected from the sample of unknowns as the discriminant criteria for determining the sex of the individuals in that sample. Experiments with various sample sizes and sex ratios using distal humerus measurements suggest that allocation accuracies of 83-96% can be expected when the sample used to develop the method is greater than forty individuals and the sex ratio is less than 1.5:1. The utility of the methodology is explored using the Lisbon Collection (Portugal) and an archaeological sample from Canada is tested as an example. The Lisbon Collection data indicate that joint measurements of long bones will provide the highest allocation accuracies. The results from the Canadian sample confirm that humerus joint measurements consistently provide the highest allocation accuracies (88-100%) even when the sex ratio in the sample used to develop the method is estimated at 1.9:1.
Author
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Author:
John Albanese
Hugo F V Cardoso
Shelley R Saunders
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2005
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Subjects / Periods:
Pelvic Morphological Features (Auto Detected Subject))
Long Bones (Auto Detected Subject))
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
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Created Date:
23 May 2005