Nolan, J. (1993). The Town Wall, Newcastle upon Tyne. Excavations at Orchard Street and Croft Street, 1987-89. Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5. Vol 21, pp. 93-149. https://doi.org/10.5284/1060923. Cite this via datacite

Title
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Title:
The Town Wall, Newcastle upon Tyne. Excavations at Orchard Street and Croft Street, 1987-89
Issue
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Issue:
Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5
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Series:
Archaeologia Aeliana
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Volume:
21
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
93 - 149
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archael521-093-149-nolan.pdf (2 MB) : Download
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ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License icon
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1060923
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
The first report section deals with six phases of activity at the Orchard Street site. These range from scant pre-town wall activity, through construction of the wall in the mid-fourteenth century, to post-wall land use, midden, Civil War and post-medieval activity. There are details of the materials and construction along with mason's marks and the parapet. Specialist reports include `Pottery' by Janet Vaughan (107--18), `Window glass' by Pam Graves (118--23), `Clay tobacco pipes' by John Nolan (123), `Ceramic building material' by John Nolan (123--4), `Stone objects' by John Nolan (125), `Metalwork' by Janet Vaughan (125--6), and `Animal bone' by Keith Dobney & Deborah Jaques (126--30).<p>The second section deals with the Croft Street site and Plummer Tower. Excavations confirmed that the wall and tower were constructed separately. The tower retains none of its original medieval features, having been extensively adapted during the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries. There is evidence of a Civil War bastion. `The finds' section, by Janet Vaughan (141--6), includes details of medieval and post-medieval pottery, glass, clay tobacco pipes, ceramic building material, stone, coins, and metalwork.
Author
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Author:
John Nolan
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1993
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ADS Archive (ADS Archive)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
30 May 2019