Williams, A. and Wood, P. N. (1999). Excavation in Durham's Old Borough, 1995. Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5. Vol 27, pp. 45-74. https://doi.org/10.5284/1061022. Cite this via datacite

Title
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Title:
Excavation in Durham's Old Borough, 1995
Issue
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Issue:
Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5
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Archaeologia Aeliana
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Volume:
27
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Page Start/End:
45 - 74
Downloads
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Downloads:
archael527-045-074-williams.pdf (3 MB) : Download
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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1061022
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Abstract
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Abstract:
Revealed the first archaeological sequence of occupation within an area of the medieval Old Borough which lay to the west of the Framwellgate bridgehead. Dumping of sandy loams containing thirteenth-century pottery on the southern edge of the valley of the Milburn was temporarily halted for the construction of a series of features including a cess pit and a corn-drying kiln (the last firing of which was dated by archaeomagnetic analysis to the fourteenth- or early-fifteenth century). The resumption of dumping sealed these features and terminated with the construction of a very substantial revetment wall along the edge of the Milburn slope flanked walkway with a sunken feature beyond. Demolition of this wall and the lowering of the ground surface on its southern flank preceded the insertion of parallel freestanding tenement walls running back from the Crossgate frontage. The western wall, at least, terminated in a vertical and finished face on the edge of the slope down to the Milburn. Exactly when this occurred is uncertain although it was certainly not before the later sixteenth century. By the eighteenth century buildings bounded the area of excavation, those to the south subsumed but conformed to the alignment of the freestanding boundary walls and the building to the north was constructed against an extension of the western burgage boundary. Nineteenth-century developments included the insertion of a brick linking structure between buildings I and II (those to the south) associated with cobbled yards. Developments in the 1950s destroyed large areas of archaeological deposits in the angle of land between Crossgate and North Road prior to the 1995 development. There are notes on the `Medieval pottery' by Lucy Whittingham (62--7), `Post medieval pottery' (67--70) and `Clay pipes' (70 & 71) by Jenny Vaughan, `Vertebrate and marine mollusc remains' Sue Stallibrass (70--2), `Palaeoenvironmental analysis' by Jacqui Huntley (72--3), and the `Recording of standing fabric' by Peter Ryder (73).
Author
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Author:
Alan Williams
Philip N Wood
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1999
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ADS Archive (ADS Archive)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
30 May 2019