Wilson, N. and Zeepvat, B. (2002). Archaeological Investigations on the Biggleswade Reinforcement Water Main: Cardington to Toplers Hill, Bedfordshire. Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd. https://doi.org/10.5284/1001454. Cite this using datacite

Title
Title
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Title:
Archaeological Investigations on the Biggleswade Reinforcement Water Main: Cardington to Toplers Hill, Bedfordshire
Series
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Series:
Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd unpublished report series
Downloads
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Downloads:
archaeol2-8717_1.pdf (3 MB) : Download
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ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
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ADS Terms of Use and Access
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1001454
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
Between July and September 2001 Archaeological Services and Consultancy Ltd monitored the archaeological impact of a new water pipeline route. The pipeline connects an existing main near Cople to the water tower on Toplers Hill, south of Biggleswade, a distance of some 17km. Nine areas were identified along the route for archaeologically supervised topsoil stripping and potential excavation, based on the findings of a desk-based assessment (Zeepvat et al 2000) and a subsequent geophysical survey by Oxford Archaeotechnics (Johnson 2000). The remainder of the pipeline route was subject to an intermittent watching brief. Five areas were ultimately excavated. Area 1 was sited on the northwestern flank of the Greensand Ridge. In this area, eight Roman cremations, two Roman ditches and a series of broad plough furrows were investigated. Area 2 was sited along the north side of the Old Warden road, east of the airfield. A number of 1stto 4th-century Romano-British ditches and pits associated with a trapezoid enclosure in the field to the north were excavated. Alongside Gypsy Lane, Area 5 was stripped to investigate a possible circular enclosure identified during the geophysical survey. After machining, this feature was not visible due to later deep alluvial deposits. When the pipe trench was cut the enclosure ditch was seen in the cut and a section was recorded. In Area 6, to the west of the A6001 Biggleswade to Langford road, a number of small Roman ditch terminals were recorded. In Area 9, about 100m to the north of the Toplers Hill water tower, a single late Bronze Age pit was discovered. No features were exposed in the remaining archaeological areas. On the rest of the route, no significant features were identified during the watching brief.
Author
Author
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Author:
N Wilson
B Zeepvat
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Bedford Borough HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2002
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Biggleswade Reinforcement Water Main, Cardington to Toplers Hill
Parish: BIGGLESWADE
District: MID BEDFORDSHIRE
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
Country: England
Site: Biggleswade Reinforcement Water Main, Cardington to Toplers Hill
Parish: CARDINGTON
District: BEDFORD
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
Country: England
Site: Biggleswade Reinforcement Water Main, Cardington to Toplers Hill
Parish: COPLE
District: BEDFORD
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
Country: England
Site: Biggleswade Reinforcement Water Main, Cardington to Toplers Hill
Parish: NORTHILL
District: MID BEDFORDSHIRE
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
Country: England
Site: Biggleswade Reinforcement Water Main, Cardington to Toplers Hill
Parish: SOUTHILL
District: MID BEDFORDSHIRE
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
Country: England
Grid Reference: 509700, 246600 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 521400, 240200 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 509700, 246600 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 521400, 240200 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 509700, 246600 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 521400, 240200 (Easting, Northing)
Subjects / Periods
Subjects / Periods
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Subjects / Periods:
Uncertain (MIDAS) Animal Remains (Object England)
Roman (MIDAS) Bead (Object England)
Uncertain (MIDAS) Brick/Tile (Find)
Roman (MIDAS) Cremation (Object England)
Roman (MIDAS) Human Remains (Object England)
Uncertain (MIDAS) Lithic Implement (Object England)
Roman (MIDAS) Nail (Object England)
Roman (MIDAS) Needle (Object England)
Roman (MIDAS) Oyster Shell (Object England)
Roman (MIDAS) Pin (Object England)
Late Iron Age (MIDAS) Pot (Object England)
Roman (MIDAS) Pot (Object England)
Uncertain (MIDAS) Stone (Find)
Roman (MIDAS) Cremation Burial (Monument Type England)
Late Iron Age (MIDAS) Ditch (Monument Type England)
Roman (MIDAS) Ditch (Monument Type England)
Uncertain (MIDAS) Ditched Enclosure (Monument Type England)
Roman (MIDAS) Gully (Monument Type England)
Uncertain (MIDAS) Gully (Monument Type England)
Late Bronze Age (MIDAS) PIT (Monument Type England)
Roman (MIDAS) PIT (Monument Type England)
Roman (MIDAS) Post Hole (Monument Type England)
Medieval (MIDAS) Ridge And Furrow (Monument Type England)
RESCUE EXCAVATION (Event)
EXCAVATION (Event)
WATCHING BRIEF (Event)
Identifiers
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: archaeol2-8717
OBIB: ASC/CBW01/5
Note
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Note:
A4 report
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OASIS (OASIS)
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
23 Nov 2016