Luke, M., Beswick, I., Wells, J., Maltby, M. J M., Robinson, J. and Renshan, L. (2002). Marsh Leys Farm, Kempston, Bedfordshire: Assessment of potential and Updated Project Design. Bedford: Albion Archaeology. https://doi.org/10.5284/1010488. Cite this using datacite

Title
Title
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Title:
Marsh Leys Farm, Kempston, Bedfordshire: Assessment of potential and Updated Project Design
Series
Series
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Series:
Albion Archaeology unpublished report series
Number of Pages
Number of Pages
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Number of Pages:
142
Downloads
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Downloads:
albionar1-29591_1.pdf (22 MB) : Download
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ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
Licence Type:
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ADS Terms of Use and Access
DOI
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1010488
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
This report presented an assessment of archaeological investigations (both evaluation and the two areas of open area excavation) undertaken in advance of industrial development. Although the discovery of flint artefacts suggested limited earlier prehistoric activity, the first firm evidence of human activity came in the Early-Middle Iron Age. A ditched enclosure was dug possibly associated with the utilisation of the pastures along the Elstow Brook for animal grazing. Approximately 100 years before the Roman invasion of AD 43 two unenclosed farmsteads were established c.350m apart within the development area. Cremation burials were associated with both farmsteads and one may have contained a building which functioned as a shrine. During the first two centuries of the Roman period a regular layout of fields and enclosures, defined by ditches, was established centred on the original farmsteads. Although the two systems were similar they did not join and were clearly associated with different farmsteads. Within the smaller enclosure buildings, water pits/wells, pits and burials were identified. Several concentrations of domestic debris located within the enclosure system to the south west suggested that there may have been more than one family utilising this area. The animal bone recovered from the Roman deposits was mainly from cattle and sheep, which along with the charred spelt wheat suggested mixed agriculture was practised. This was supported by the recovery of quernstones, lead spindlewhorls/weights, a steelyard and a plough coulter. In addition there was evidence for ironworking although it was unclear if this was purely to meet the needs of the inhabitants of the farmsteads. The presence of a large number of quarry pits dug during the Roman period may have been associated or could have indicated a continual need to raise the level of the ground in certain areas (the area was very low-lying and had recently been subject to flooding). The most common evidence for everyday life was in the form of huge quantities of pottery, much locally produced but some imported from France. Metal objects of personal use included bronze coins, hairpins, bracelets and brooches. Despite these the farmsteads was classified as being of fairly low status. There was very little evidence for medieval and post-medieval activity. [Au(abr)]
Author
Author
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Author:
M Luke
I Beswick
Jackie Wells
Mark J M Maltby
John Robinson
L Renshan
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Albion Archaeology
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Bedford Borough HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2002
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Marsh Leys Farm
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
District: BEDFORD
Parish: KEMPSTON RURAL
Country: England
Location - Auto Detected: Elstow Brook
Grid Reference: 502630, 245700 (Easting, Northing)
Subjects / Periods
Subjects / Periods
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Subjects / Periods:
ANIMAL BONE (Find) LATE IRON AGE (GLL)
ANIMAL BONE (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
CBM (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
COINS (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
FIRED CLAY (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
FURNACE LINING (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
GLASS BEAD (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
HOB NAILS (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) LATE IRON AGE (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
ROTARY QUERNS (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
SLAG (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
TIMBER NAILS (Find) ROMAN (GLL)
CREMATION CEMETERY (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
DITCHES (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
ENCLOSURE (Monus) MIDDLE IRON AGE (GLL)
ENCLOSURE (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
FARMSTEAD (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
INHUMATION BURIAL (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
PITS (Monus) LATE IRON AGE (GLL)
PITS (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
POSTHOLES (Monus) LATE IRON AGE (GLL)
POSTHOLES (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
ROUNDHOUSE (Monus) LATE IRON AGE (GLL)
TRACKWAY (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
WATER PITS (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
WELL (Monus) ROMAN (GLL)
Prehistoric (MIDAS)
Roman (MIDAS)
Earlymiddle Iron Age (Auto Detected Temporal)
Medieval (Auto Detected Temporal)
Identifiers
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: albionar1-29591
OBIB: 2002/42
Note
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Note:
A4 comb bound report with cream coloured card covers Note from AIP record: Date Of Issue From: 2002 Date Of Coverage From: 01 Date Of Coverage To: 01 Editorial Expansion: Site name: MARSH LEYS FARM, KEMPSTON
Study area: 59ha
Investigation type: Post-determination/Research
District: Bedford
Monument: ENCLOSURE. Iron Age, [finds]. Prehistoric, FURROW. Medieval (1066-1540), FEATURE. Roman (AD43-410), FEATURE. Late Iron Age, PIT. Roman (AD43-410), ENCLOSURE. Roman (AD43-410), ANIMAL BURIAL. Roman (AD43-410), CREMATION. Late Iron Age, BOUNDARY DITCH. Roma
Ngr: TL02634570
Parish: Kempston
Postcode: MK439AA
Source
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Source:
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OASIS (OASIS)
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
30 Aug 2017