n.a., (1923). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 58. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. https://doi.org/10.5284/1000184.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 58
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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58
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392
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https://doi.org/10.5284/1000184
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Journal
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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1923
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ADS Archive
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08 Dec 2008
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Abstract
1 - 23
J G Callander
23 - 27
A long cairn at Gourdon was located and surveyed. It was built of stone and earth and had been much robbed. There are hollow cavities either side of the mound. The ends are rounded, and there is no evidence that the cairn had been of the horned variety, which is seen at its best in the north of Scotland. No large stones which might indicate the presence of a burial chamber or of an entrance passage to one were observed. A Bronze Age cairn at Idvies covered a short cist which contained cremated human bone and an urn. The bone was laid on the base of the cist and not in the urn. Some fragments of charcoal were mixed with the bone. A small piece of bone bears a green stain, possibly caused by being in contact with a small object of bronze. The bones were of an adult and had not been burnt very efficiently.
R W Reid
J R R Fraser
27 - 40
The roof or covering of the cist was peculiar when compared with the coverings of similar cists found in Aberdeenshire, in that, instead of its being formed of one layer of stones, it consisted of many such stones arranged in three layers. One of the stones in the upper layer had carved markings on its underside. The cist contained a crouched adult male skeleton aged upwards of forty years, an incomplete urn and a quartzite implement. A detailed report on the skeleton is included.
James Hewat Craw
40 - 44
In many districts of our country, from the South of England northwards, there exist works of unknown antiquity called black-dykes, devil's-dykes, Grim's dykes, and other such names. They consist of a trench with an accompanying mound, of widely varying dimensions, and run across country with a curiously winding course, being frequently traceable for many miles. The most famous in Scotland has become known as the Catrail. The conception of a continuous line, or of a series of more or less\r\nconnected sections forming a unit, appears to be without foundation. It is argued that five separate parts can be identified and these are described in detail.
W D Simpson
45 - 99
The castle, which was the seat of the Durwards is located next to the medieval church. A historical background with documentary records is presented. Erected comparatively early in the thirteenth century, the Castle of Coull belongs to the older type of stone fortress characterised by a single envelope and the presence of a donjon. The excavation is described in detail with many plans and illustrations. All of the surviving components of the castle have been revealed. The ruins are now in very poor condition. A detailed report on the pottery and other artefacts is included.
Alexander O Curle
102 - 111
Four silver spoons and a fillet of gold were discovered underneath a stone at the west corner of the base of the south respond of the chancel arch. Fragments of a coarse woven fabric of linen adhering to the outer surface of one of the spoons indicated that they had been wrapped up in a cloth before being deposited in the ground. One of the spoons is different from the others in terms of its decoration. The fillet is of beaten decorated gold. The second discovery comprised a finger-ring, a large and a small portion of another fillet, and a small fragment of wire, all of gold. These objects were closely associated, inasmuch as the portion of the fillet was found folded up within the circumference of the ring, and kept in position by the fragment of wire used to wedge it in. An argument for a medieval date is advanced.
Robert Kinghorn
112 - 123
Fifty stone and over four hundred flint implements have been found; while flint chips, obviously struck off in the manufacture of tools, must be numbered by the thousand. Flint scrapers, arrowheads, saws, knives, gravers and borers were among the flint tools and there was a single knife of Arran pitchstone.
A D Lacaille
124 - 130
The ruined chapel of St Fillan's is traditionally connected with Robert the Bruce. Little survives other than a heart-shaped font. The graveyard contains carved slabs and there is a well nearby. There are also a number of cairns, cup-marked boulders, and a stone circle in the immediate vicinity. A boulder near Helensburgh has many cup-marks and the site of St Bride's Chapel at Glen Fruin is in fact a cairn. Across-slab is preserved nearby. An incised Latin cross from Ballivoulin is illustrated here.
William Thomson
131 - 139
The robbed dun at Creag an Fhamhair is described and illustrated. Stone walls, an entrance and an outer earthwork have been identified. The ruin at Obhair Latha, meaning " The Day's Work." consists of four columns of rude, strong masonry with apertures and was a defensive structure. The vitrified fort at Gairloch is said to have been used as a stronghold by the Macbeaths, and subsequently the M'Leods.
James Hewat Craw
Professor A Robinson
143 - 160
The grave was built with small boulders in two or three irregular courses with sandstone slabs as covers. The skeleton of a man lay on his right side with his legs slightly flexed. Between the hands and the skull lay, within a small area, an iron\r\nknife, two bronze spoons, the jaws and other bones of a young pig, several fragments of coal, and a small piece of wood, probably part of the handle of the knife. The spoons are rare and have not previously been found in Scotland. All known examples from Britain are described in detail. The detailed report on the skeleton focuses on morphology and metric measurements.
J G Callander
160 - 184
A small cross and fragments of a chain were seen embedded in a mass of coins from Dumfries. Further cleaning revealed a complete brooch, portions of another three, and a small bow handle, all of silver. These items and the coins are described here. Other known finds from Scotland are catalogued and illustrated. Five distinct types of brooches are identified.
Arthur J H Edwards
185 - 203
Harry R G Inglis
203 - 223
The Border hills offer only a limited number of direct passes through which roads can be taken, and while there are perhaps a dozen open passes between north and south,\r\nthere is only one really accessible highway between the east and the west '” the Tweed valley. This is the context in which the development of these ancient highways must be considered. Each is described in detail.
W D Simpson
227 - 238
The nineteenth-century restoration obliterated most of the ancient church whose construction commenced in the early thirteenth century. An architectural description is presented along with the limited documentary evidence available. Notable features include the sarcophagus of Sir Richard de Moravia.
H B Mackintosh
239 - 241
A grave was discovered within a cairn when stones were being removed to facilitate ploughing. The grave was off centre and lined with four stone slabs. A handful of human bones and a necklace of two triangular terminal plates and twenty-three beads was recovered, the plates being entirely devoid of ornamentation. Sixteen of the beads were\r\nbarrel-shaped and seven cylindrical.
James Edward Cree
241 - 284
The results of a further season of excavation are summarised. Features included hearths, paved areas and stone foundations. The main focus of the article is on the artefacts of Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman date. The latter include brooches, pins, dress fasteners, glass and jet armlets and beads.
J G Callander
Thomas H Bryce
286 - 294
During the early Bronze Age the site had proved attractive as two short cists of this period, each containing an urn of the food-vessel type, have now been discovered on it. A third and smaller cist filled with earth was also found between the others. Besides these a human skeleton without any enclosing structure was recently found, but there was nothing associated with it by which its period could be determined. In addition to the cists mentioned, another containing unburnt human remains and a food-vessel was unearthed at Cowdenhill about 300 yards to the west. The latest cist contained two skeletons and a complete urn. The skeletons were a young adult male and a child aged around seven years.
Hugh Marwick
295 - 299
A sculptured stone was found in the vicinity of a broch at Chapel Knowe. It has a very delicately incised human figure wearing a gown or cloak reaching below the knees, depicted in profile looking towards the left. A symbol stone from Greens, St Andrew's was discovered during drain digging. The symbols include a mirror, crescent and V-shaped rod.
Charles E Whitelaw
299 - 302
Of the original fittings and furnishings of Stirling Castle very little now remains. It is therefore of interest when fragments that have disappeared are recovered. Each of the fragments are described and illustrated. One formed part of a circular panel and is made of oak. it is decorated with the figure of a man. The second is a carving in native oak of the Scottish Lion marchant. The third and fourth are the doors of a French cabinet elaborately carved out of walnut, showing a subject in the centre framed in a heavy enriched moulding.
Alexander Pringle
302 - 308
The Pringle family occupied Fountainhall for a period of fifty years and also owned Soutra. The derivation of the name is considered and a documentary history of the family is presented.
Ian A Richmond
309 - 1231
George Macdonald
325 - 329
The article is intended as a supplement to the author's earlier work and presents a catalogue of new discoveries although these have no bearing on the general conclusions already published.
D Hay Fleming
330 - 332
The upper portion of a small Celtic cross slab was discovered in the south gable of the south transept of the Cathedral. It is much weathered and the carving on one face is almost illegible. On the unworn face the sculpturing is clear and sharp. The upper limb of the cross and both arms are covered with a doublecord interlaced pattern. The compartments above the arms are filled with a zigzag fret. There is a double square recess in the angles at the intersection of the arms. On one side there is a spiral and fret pattern; and on the other side a more open but more weathered one. The other fragment was found in the eastern cemetery. The ornament on one face is mainly spiral, but there is some fret as well. The other face shows part of the shaft of a cross and part of the left arm, which are covered with interlaced work. part of a coped-coffin cover was removed from the Abbey wall. The seventeenth-century tombstone commemorates a Margaret Taylor who died in 1636.
Archibald Fairbairn
333 - 343
The urn, on discovery by workmen, was in an inverted position, covering a large deposit of burnt bones, and containing as well a small urn of the incense-cup type, an unburnt bone pin polished and pointed at one end, a bronze awl pointed at one end and flattened at the other, and an unworked flake of chert. Detailed investigation revealed a second urn with burnt bone. Both had been buried within a cairn, now almost totally denuded. The stone-built earth-house comprised a single chamber and a passageway. The roof of the chamber had not survived. Pottery, charcoal and animal bone were recovered.
James Dalyell
James Beveridge
344 - 370
W D Simpson
370
371 - 392