n.a., (1971). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 104. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 104
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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05 Dec 2008
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John Mercer
1 - 22
NR 685939. Mesolithic occupation on a natural platform at the head of N Carn bay included a small L-shaped setting and boulder interpreted as a possible hearth and seat. Charcoal from the setting yielded a radiocarbon date in 6th millennium bc, and associated flint and quartz artefacts included cores, flakes, steeply-trimmed microliths, microburins, scrapers, blades and gravers. Later activity on the site was represented by a fragment of a scale-flaked tool and a 14C-date in earlier 2nd millennium, and also by three barbed-and-tanged points. Pollen evidence is discussed. A R
Stuart Piggott
23 - 47
NO 627673. A long barrow built of turf and gravel was revetted laterally by stone walling and flanked by small ditches; an unbroken crescentic drystone façade was found at the E end, and a mortuary structure lay eccentric to the façade and to the axis of the barrow. The primary timber phase of the mortuary structure probably antedated the barrow, but its Phase II remodelling in timber and stone was certainly an integral part of the barrow design. Phase II was associated with a cup-marked stone (the earliest on record), a plano-convex flint knife and 14C dates in the earlier half of the 3rd millennium bc. The construction of the barrow was under way throughout the life-span of the Phase II mortuary structure until the latter was covered over and an elaborate stone setting, Phase III, was built over it. Secondary burials included a short cist with cremation and beaker. A R
J N Graham Ritchie
48 - 62
NM 879267. The excavation of this multiperiod cairn clarified the relationship between a Clyde type chambered tomb and a simple massive cist formerly considered to be a potential protomegalith. The Clyde chamber proved to constitute the earliest building phase, set within a heel-shaped cairn and containing neolithic burials. Beaker burials formed a second phase of activity in the chamber, together with a small cist immediately outside the entrance. The entrance was then blocked and the cist covered by a semi-circular mass of stones. Finally a massive cist was inserted into the cairn material behind the chamber. Finds include Beaker sherds, a Food Vessel and flintwork. A R
E J Peltenburg
63 - 70
Iain C Walker
71 - 120
A detailed catalogue and discussion, completed in 1969, of bronzes of the 2nd and early 1st millenia BC found in three counties of NE Scotland. The importance to the area of the Great Glen as a trade route is stressed, and the problem of the origin of metallurgy in NE Scotland is discussed. AR
Joanna Close-Brooks
M Norgate
J N Graham Ritchie
121 - 136
NT 117863. The cemetery consisted of three short cists, an urn burial and two cremation patches. One cist contained a crouched inhumation, probably female, accompanied by pig bones; a second cist showed no trace of burial though phosphate analysis tended to suggest one. The third cist held a crouched inhumation 14C-dated in 17th century bc, a Food Vessel, slug knife, strike-a-light and piece of iron ore. An Enlarged Food Vessel containing a female cremation was inverted within a small stone setting. Appended is a description of a short cist burial with Food Vessel at Keavil, Fife. A R
Euan W MacKie
137 - 146
The primary contexts of rotary querns found on seven broch, semibroch or dun sites are used as a basis for a discussion of the origins of rotary querns in Scotland. Two types were in use from 1st century BC to 3rd century AD: a bun-shaped quern with bipartite hopper and fixed lateral handle, which spread into Scotland initially from N England, and a disc quern with loose upright handle which was introduced direct from S England along with other elements of late Iron Age B cultures. A R
Gordon S Maxwell
147 - 200
NS 954214. The primary fort was an Agricolan foundation, built in AD 80 or 81 and abandoned, its timber buildings dismantled, soon after AD 87. A second phase of occupation began around AD 140 when the original ditch system was modified; the end of this first Antonine period was very quickly followed by a second Antonine occupation. This time the fort was enlarged and the defences recast. Final abandonment occurred between 165 and 170 apparently as part of a planned military withdrawal. Finds included coins, metalwork, leather shoes and samian and coarse wares. Organic remains indicated a contemporary natural environment of mixed deciduous forest with encroaching heath and peat-bog. A R
David H Caldwell
201 - 221
NS 232422. The 13th-century castle had a small courtyard entered through a gatehouse with vaulted cellars to one side. The gatehouse was rebuilt, then refloored and the doorway narrowed and eventually blocked to convert it into a tower-house in late 14th century. A new entrance may have been made on the other side of the castle, with keyhole gunports in the wall; 16th-century mouthed gunports were added. A grave-slab was re-used as a lintel to an underground passage leading out to a well. Since the castle is first recorded in 1484, its purpose is considered in terms of local history and the genealogy of the holders of Ardrossan. D F R
Michael R Apted
W Norman Robertson
222 - 235
W Norman Robertson
236 - 237
Ian Fisher
F A Greenhill
238 - 241
Lloyd R Laing
242 - 247
Christopher J Tabraham
248 - 251
John Di Folco
Gordon S S Harris
252 - 256
H Gordon Slade
257 - 267
R W Kenneth Reid
268 - 282
Statistical methods of analysing detailed distribution maps are illustrated by work correlating the spread of ancient monuments with the natural background of geology, superficial deposits, elevation and slope in the Durness area of Sutherland. The use of the available archaeological evidence as an acceptable sample from which to generalise is justified by the application of the Chi-squared test which showed the sample to be almost random in character. A R
Richard Milne
Margaret F Bruce
N W Kerr
283 - 285
Averil M Lysaght
285 - 289
R D Lockhart
289 - 290
James K Thomson
290 - 292
A J Haddow
D Hannay
292 - 293
John W Hedges
293 - 295
Joanna Close-Brooks
295 - 297
Anna Ritchie
297 - 301
Pebbles with simple but carefully-painted designs are unique to Caithness and the Northern Isles between 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Their apparent connection with Pictish culture is supported by some sharing of motifs with the repertoire of the Pictish symbol stones. They may be charm stones like those known from medieval sources and folklore; the Life of St Columba also contains a reference to a healing stone.
J C H McKerrell
Hugh McKerrell
J C McCawley
301 - 306
Phosphate analysis has been used at a number of Scottish sites, principally to test for evidence of burials. An improved method for rapid field testing is described and the optimum spacing of samples given.
Robert B K Stevenson
306 - 308
Hugh McKerrell
309 - 315
316 - 328
329 - 332