n.a., (2007). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 137. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 137
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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27 May 2010
Article Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
Start/End Sort Order Up Arrow
John G Dunbar
Gordon S Maxwell
1 - 4
Kirsty Millican
5 - 34
Reviews the current state of knowledge of Neolithic timber circles in Scotland. It is noted that whilst most understanding of these sites comes from the few excavated examples, the majority of known examples have been recorded as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Additionally, many of these cropmarks have not until recently been identified as being timber circles. Newly identified timber circles are listed, and the justification for their identification presented. The paper continues by discussing the cropmark evidence in some detail, and integrating it with excavated evidence to consider questions such as distribution, context, purpose, construction, and reconstruction.
Hillary K Murray
Ian A G Shepherd
35 - 58
Describes the rescue excavation of a short cist burial of Bronze Age date.
D D A Simpson
Eileen M Murphy
Richard A Gregory
M McCartney
Paul R J Duffy
69 - 116
Reports the excavation of a cist cemetery and a standing stone on the Firth of Clyde. Eighteen cists, dated to the Early Bronze Age, were discovered. Thirteen of these contained human remains and/or artefacts. At the beginning of the second millennium BC these cists were covered by a mound; there is evidence to suggest further burials were inserted into the mound, though these do not survive. During the late second millennium BC a standing stone was erected approximately 35m to the north of the cist cemetery. Deposits of cremated human bone were associated with the construction of the mound, allowing precise dating of this event.
Andrew Dutton
Kelly Clapperton
Stephen P Carter
117 - 136
Describes the rock art discovered in a Bronze Age burial cairn. The burial itself had been removed, and the cairn heavily disturbed, probably during the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century. However, the cist survived and three of its four slabs proved to be decorated. The art is described and illustrated, and parallels at other sites are discussed.
Lindsay Dunbar
137 - 168
D D A Simpson
Eileen M Murphy
Richard A Gregory
M McCartney
169 - 178
Describes a souterrain excavated in 1971. Concludes that the form is generally typical of other Orcadian souterrains, with the exception of a secondary pit feature underlying the floor of the main chamber. A stone ard tip, probably dating to the Bronze Age, is described and illustrated. It is noted that it is likely to be of earlier date than the souterrain (which is tentatively dated to the Iron Age). Discusses the possible date and function of this souterrain and of Orcadian souterrains more generally.
Clare Ellis
179 - 264
Reports on the excavation of a multi-ditched and multi-palisaded late prehistoric enclosure (and subsequent unenclosed settlement). The site was totally excavated, and extensive sampling and on-site dry sieving was used to ensure maximum information retrieval. The site consisted of large numbers of ditches and palisades, with several structures of undetermined function. It is noted that stratigraphic relationships were difficult to determine due to plough damage. The site is notable for the recovery of a large cannel coal assemblage, consisting of debris from the manufacture of items of jewellery.
Ronan Toolis
265 - 318
Reports on the contour survey, and partial excavation of an Iron Age promontory fort. This revealed an intermittent succession of roundhouses and an open yard, ultimately enclosed by a rampart and ditch. This rampart appears to have been short'“lived (lasting no more than a year or two), and to have been destroyed in a single event, contemporary with the final occupation of the roundhouse, which also appears to have been abruptly abandoned. It is suggested that this may have been result of a violent attack. It is further suggested that the site, given its lack of natural defensibility and secluded location, may have acted as a refuge, in contrast to more prominent fortified sites in the area.
Gordon J Ewart
Dennis B Gallagher
Anna Ritchie
319 - 336
Describes the excavation of the ninth-century Dupplin Cross in the parkland of Dupplin Castle prior to its removal to St Serf's church, Dunning, to prevent further deterioration from weathering. The form of the cross is described in detail, and the documentary and previous archaeological evidence reviewed. The excavation suggested that the cross remained in its original setting, despite extensive conservation work during the 1920s.
Richard Tipping
337 - 356
Describes the excavation of several features threatened by coastal erosion. These proved to contain charcoal and faunal assemblages (including some worked bone), which were radiocarbon dated to 1010-1190 and 980-1160 cal AD. The charcoal accumulations are interpreted as beacon fires to guide fishing boats. The project was undertaken partly to assess the value of partial and simple excavation of small sites under imminent threat of destruction due to coastal erosion. It is concluded that, whilst a more thorough excavation would probably have retrieved more data, this type of investigation provided useful information which would otherwise have been entirely lost.
Colin J M Martin
Richard Oram
357 - 404
Mary Markus
405 - 432
Discusses a group of carved stone fragments from the Cistercian Abbey and draws parallels with stonework at other religious sites. Suggests that the fragments are likely to have come from a choir screen, and attempts reconstruction of the original form of this screen and of its position within the church. Concludes with a catalogue of the screen fragments.
Valerie E Dean
433 - 460
Describes and catalogues twenty nine ceramic vessels which had contained coin hoards, found in Scotland since the late eighteenth century. Discusses the value of the hoards to dating of the vessels, and the opportunity this presents to refine the dating of archaeological sites via stratified pottery assemblages.
John G Harrison
Richard Tipping
461 - 470
Combines archival and cartographic evidence with palaeoecological and geomorphological research to argue that the carselands west of Stirling were settled earlier than is currently believed; from the fifteenth century onwards, rather than following peat clearance in the eighteenth century. It is suggested that the lack of archaeological evidence for this settlement is due to lack of investigation owing to assumption of absence, the use of impermanent building materials, and continuous settlement at many sites.
Aaron M Allen
471 - 486
Considers the problem of lock picking as a means of unlawful entry in early modern Scottish towns, and responses to this problem by craft guilds. Discusses the lock technology available during this period, using surviving locks and lock picks (the latter mainly from the collection of the 'notorious' Deacon Brodie) alongside documentary evidence. Evidence for the response of locksmiths to the problems of lock picking is also drawn from both artefactual and documentary evidence.
Neil G W Curtis
487 - 500
Describes how investigations into the provenance of three leaf-shaped swords in the collections of the University of Aberdeen lead to two of these swords, and four further swords from other collections, being identified as nineteenth-century replicas. All but one of the swords were investigated by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence and X-radiography, as well as detailed visual examination. This revealed that only one had a composition within the range expected for genuine Bronze Age artefacts; visual examination further showed that the others had features unknown on Bronze Age swords. The article concludes with a consideration of the changing meanings of the swords during their two hundred years in various museums.
John H Lewis
K R Murdoch
501 - 530
Reports the excavations of the Summerlee Ironworks in the late 1980s. These were in operation from 1836-1932 when the works ceased production and the building complex was blown up. Excavations revealed the remains of four blast furnaces, five heating stoves, an engine house, boiler bases, numerous flues and channels, a retaining wall, the base of a water tower, and the chemical plant. The technology of nineteenth-century iron working is reviewed, and related to the structures uncovered at Summerlee. Most of the features discovered relate to late-nineteenth/ early-twentieth-century remodelling and upgrading of the plant; however the bases of some of the furnace arches are probably part of the original construction. The manufacturers of bricks recovered during the excavation are listed, and there is a brief description of the other artefacts retained, consisting largely of metal fragments, tools, and metal working debris. It is noted that the metal finds have deteriorated very badly since their excavation, with the exception of the cast iron artefacts.
531 - 544
545 - 567