Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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SO17 1BJ
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Late Roman Amphora 3

Late Roman Amphora 3

Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum
David Williams

Distinctive Features

This type has a long slender neck with two short strap-handles, high rounded shoulders and a tapering solid foot. Broad shallow ribbing covers most of the vessel. This series has a long tradition in the eastern Mediterranean, and from the late first to the fifth centuries AD the series had only one handle and an open hollow foot: Agora F65-66 (Lang, 1955: 277-8; Panella, 1986; Robinson, 1959: M255, M307, etc.). There are two variants of the two-handled variety. Throughout the fifth and early sixth centuries the form had an open hollow foot, while during the sixth century the vessel develops a greater length and has a longer pointed closed toe (Sciallano & Sibella, 1991).
See characteristics

Date Range

The one-handled type appears in the mid first century BC (Bezeczky, 2005; Lang, 1955: 277-8; Panella, 1986), and the earliest example of the two-handled variety seems to be from a very late fourth century context at Santo Sisto Vecchio in Rome (Annis, 1975: 31, Nos. 1 and 2). The trend at Carthage suggests a marked peak in the Vandal period, at about AD 475, followed by a gradual decline until the later sixth century when there is a second peak (Peacock, 1984b).
Search: [4th century AD] [5th century AD] [6th century AD]


Probably several production sites in western Asia Minor, including Ephesus, the Meander Valley, Kusadasi, Miletos and possibly Pergamon (Reutman, 1995; Ladstatter, 2000).
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [Western Asia Minor]


A widespread distribution ranging from Britain (Thomas, 1981) to Lusitania (FabiĆ£o, pers.comm.), Tunisia (Riley, 1981; Peacock, 1984b), Cyrenaica (Hayes, 1973; Riley, 1979), Egypt and Nubia (Emery & Kirwan, 1938), Palestine (Riley, 1975), Romania (Barnea, 1966), and the Black Sea region (Zeest, 1960).
Search: [Black Sea] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Egypt] [Great Britain] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Palestine] [Portugal] [Spain] [The Levant]




Principal contributor: David Williams


Ballana 13a
Benghazi Late Roman Amphora 10
British B4
Carthage Late Roman Amphora 3
Kuzmanov 7
Peacock & Williams 45
Scorpan 5
Zeest 95


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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