Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Beirut 2

Distinctive Features

This is a thin-walled vessel. It has a well ribbed, somewhat ovoid body, ending with a more conical base, and small concave button toe. Late first century AD/Flavian examples have a more pronounced toe, but the conical, hollow base types of its predecessor Beirut 1 and its successor Beirut 3 are not evident. This is perhaps an indication that it may form part of a separate development. The neck is cylindrical, with a folded band rim. It has rather short ‘Beirut-style’ handles (three mouldings) (smaller than those of Beirut 3). Some ten known examples bear the stamp ‘COL[onia].BER[ytus]’. The earliest examples have small, thin rims, while the latest (Flavian) examples can have quite thick rims.
See characteristics

Date Range

First century AD, primarily early to c. AD 70+. Some thicker rimmed examples may be Flavian.
Search: [1st century AD]


Wasters have been discovered at Beirut (BEY 015 kiln site) and at Jiyé, north of Sidon (Polish excavations, 2004). Both sources are represented in Beirut contexts. Jiyé presumably lay within the territory of Beirut. Some ten examples are known from Beirut, bearing the stamp ‘COL.BER’, which refers to the Roman ‘Colonia Berytus’, (re-)founded under Augustus, c. 17 BC.
Search: [Lebanon] [The Levant]


Beirut and its hinterland, Jiyé (Sidon) and Cyprus (Larnaka Museum) .
Search: [Cyprus] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Lebanon] [The Levant]


Probably wine. As with Beirut 1 many examples show liquid staining inside and over the rim-neck.
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: Paul Reynolds

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