Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo

Beirut 1

Distinctive Features

This has a slightly bulbous neck, short projecting pointed rim (early examples) or folded band rim (late first BC-Augustan). As with all Beirut amphorae (first century BC to seventh century AD), and these should be seen as a continuous series. The handles comprise a flat central band moulding, concave on either side. They are attached from the rim face to the shoulder, curving inwards towards their base. The body is tronco -conical, ending in a hollow cone toe with a rounded end. Shoulders are rounded.
See characteristics

Date Range

Typical of the second half of the first century BC (c. 75-50 BC) to c. AD 10?
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD]


No kilns are attested, but the form is clearly local to Beirut.
Search: [Lebanon] [The Levant]


Beirut. The earliest exported examples to Cyprus are a mid first century AD development of the Beirut 2 type (Reynolds, 1999; 2000; 2005a).
Search: [Cyprus] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Lebanon] [The Levant]


Possibly wine. Some examples of the later versions of the Beirut amphora have their necks pierced (to aid the fermentation process). The presence of a liquid sealant may explain dark coloured stains running down the outer neck on many Beirut amphorae, including the Beirut 1.
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: Paul Reynolds

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo