Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo

Rhodian Type

Rhodian Type

Courtesy of Dr. Imad Khalil / Graeco-Roman Museum at Alexandria
Imad Khalil

Distinctive Features

This class has a simple rounded rim with cylindrical neck that has similarities to the Dressel 2-4. There are distinctive long single rod handles which rise to a sharp peak, while the body tapers to end in a solid spike, which often has slight corrugations.
See characteristics

Date Range

This form of Rhodian amphora developed from its late Hellenistic prototypes by the late first century BC and is still recorded at Augst up to the mid second century AD (Martin-Kilcher, 1994).
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD] [2nd century AD]


Petrological analysis suggests several different production centres, all probably located in the Aegean area and in western Asia Minor (Empereur & Picon, 1989; Bezeczky, 2005). Only two fabrics seem to be important, both from the Rhodian Pereia (Peacock, 1977d; Empereur & Tuna, 1989), where kiln sites associated with this form have been found (Empereur & Tuna, 1989; see Peacock, 1997d for details of the other, minor fabrics).
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [The Aegean] [Western Asia Minor]


There is a widespread distribution, from the Aegean, to Cyrenaica, Italy, France, Germany, Pannonia, Switzerland and Britain (Peacock, 1977d; Martin-Kilcher, 1994; Bezeczky, 1994; 2005). The high number of vessels found on military sites from the mid first century AD onwards may be the result of a tribute placed on the Rhodians by Claudius (Peacock, 1977d).
Search: [Cyprus] [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Germany] [Great Britain] [Greek Islands] [Italy] [North West Europe] [Switzerland] [The Aegean] [The Balkans]


This is often considered to be Rhodian wine, but other types of wine may also have been carried (Fraser, 1972: 162-71) and also wine based products (Bezeczky, 2005). Some amphorae of this form on the Dramont D shipwreck of the mid first century AD held figs (Joncheray, 1974: 31-3).
Search: [Figs] [Wine]


Principal contributor: David Williams


Augst 6
Callender 7
Camulodunum 184
Ostia 65
Peacock & Williams 9

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo