Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License


Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BJ
England
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:

https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192

University of Southampton logo

Rhodian Type



Click on the image to see larger versions of each image.

Rhodian Type Rhodian Type Rhodian Type Rhodian Type

Comments specific to this amphora type

Peacock (1977d) has distinguished six fabrics, of which Fabrics 1 and 2, both probably from the Rhodian Periera, are by far the most common.
Rhodian fabric 1

Comments

Equivalent to: RHO AM 1 of the National Roman Fabric Reference Collection (Tomber & Dore, 1998: 112)

Visual characteristics

Fabric 1 is a hard, fairly fine fabric, reddish-pink (5YR 7/6) with a paler slip on the outer surface. Scattered sparsely throughout are rounded red-brown particles up to about 0.5 mm across and larger (up to 3 mm) angular fragments of fine white limestone, which can cause spalling when near the surface.

Petrology

Thin sectioning reveals numerous grains of red, brown and yellow serpentine, a sparse scatter of fine quartz, occasional grains of olivine and clinopyroxene and pieces of chert and cryptocrystalline limestone. Peacock suggested a Rhodian source on the basis of fabric similarities with Greek amphorae bearing Rhodian stamps (Peacock & Williams, 1986: Class 9).
Rhodian fabric 2

Comments

Equivalent to: RHO AM 2 of the National Roman Fabric Reference Collection (Tomber & Dore, 1998: 113)

Visual characteristics

Normally a hard, slightly rough fabric, creamy-white (10YR 8/4) and with occasional pieces of limestone up to 3 mm across, but these have more usually dissolved out, leaving voids.

Petrology

Thin sectioning shows similarities with Rhodian Fabric 1, though the diagnostic brown minerals could not be identified with the same confidence and minerals such as pyroxene are much rarer. The white colour suggests the use of a different clay with less iron, though a Rhodian source is again a strong possibility (Peacock & Williams, 1986: Class 9).