Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Resource identifiers

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Dressel 2-4 Baetican

Distinctive Features

This is a cylindrical amphora with long bifid handles (composed of two rods), with small beaded lip and distinct carinated shoulder. Occasionally it is stamped on the handles.
See characteristics

Date Range

Earliest date: Augustan-Tiberian period at Astorga (Carreras Monfort & Berni, 2003)
Latest date: late first and early second centuries AD.
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD]


This type was produced in the Guadalquivir valley of southern Spain, since it shares the same fabric as other Baetican amphorae such as the Dressel 20. Only one workshop has been identified at Posadas (Seville), with a stamped bifid handle which is identical to that of a well-known Dressel 20 stamp. This type was also produced in the coastal areas of Baetica with a different fabric in places such as Lomba de Ceres (Granada), El Rinconcillo or Guadarranque (Cádiz)
Search: [North West Europe] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


It is supposed to have a widespread distribution in the western provinces but in small numbers. However only a few reports, such as those of Colchester (Williams, 1985) and Astorga (Carreras Monfort & Berni, 2003), refer to a Dressel 2-4 with Guadalquivir valley fabric.
Search: [Great Britain] [North West Europe] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


Wine is supposed to be the main content.
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: César Carreras


Camulodunum 182
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Koan Amphora
Peacock & Williams 10


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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