Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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Resource identifiers

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Dressel 2-4 Catalan

Dressel 2-4 Catalan

Courtesy of Museu Nacional Arqueològic de Tarragona (Dottsa Pilar Sada)
David Williams

Distinctive Features

This is a cylindrical amphora with long bifid handles (composed of two rods), with small beaded lip and distinct carinated shoulder (Miró, 1988). Occasionally stamped near the spike, only a few examples include painted inscriptions (Pascual, 1991; Comas, 1997). The form is derived from a prototype produced in the eastern Mediterranean, and later copied in the western provinces.
See characteristics

Date Range

Earliest date: Augustan context at Can Feu (late first century BC-AD 15/20)
Latest date: Hadrianic at Ostia, Rome (Meta Sudans) and Settefinestre (Panella, 1989) in the late second century AD
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD] [2nd century AD]


Produced in the coastal workshops of Hispania Tarraconensis (NE Spain) from Tarragona to Girona (Revilla, 1995). This amphora type was widely produced in more than 60 workshops from Aumedina in the Ebro valley (Revilla, 1993) to Llafranc in the modern province of Girona. However, most workshops were concentrated around the Roman cities of Barcino, Baetulo and Iluro (Revilla, 1995)
Search: [Spain]


This type was widely distributed in the main western provinces (Hispaniae, Gallia, Germania, Rhaetia, Italia and Africa Proconsularis). Major markets were the city of Rome and the German limes in the Augustan period (Remesal Rodríguez and Revilla 1991).
Search: [France] [Germany] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Portugal] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


Wine is the main content (Tchernia, 1986); some tituli picti refer to Lauro, one of high-quality production areas of Laietanian wine (Martial, XXIII.118).
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: César Carreras


Camulodunum 182
Camulodunum 183
Koan Amphora
Peacock & Williams 10


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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