Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Almagro 51C

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Almagro 51C Almagro 51C Almagro 51C Almagro 51C Almagro 51C

Comments specific to this amphora type

One sample observed has a hard thick gritty fabric with frequent inclusions protruding through the surfaces. The inner core is brown (7.5YR 5/2) sandwiched between a reddish yellow fabric (5YR 6/6). The surface is reddish yellow (7.5YR 7/6).
Almagro 50 fabric

Visual characteristics

A fairly hard, rough sandy fabric containing small white inclusions of limestone, buff (7.5YR 7/4) colour throughout.


We have examined one sample which shows frequent inclusions of limestone and quartz, with a few grains of pyroxene and flecks of mica. The pyroxene is significant and could suggest an origin not far removed from an outcrop of basic igneous rocks. Basalt outcrops occur in a long strip inland along the length of the Algarve (Peacock & Williams, 1986: Class 22).
Almagro 51 fabric

Visual characteristics

The examples seen by us are in a hard, rough sandy fabric, light reddish-brown (2.5YR 6/4) in colour. Keay (1984) recognizes four fabric varieties.


Thin sectioning of the examples seen by us show frequent quartz grains, flecks of muscovite mica, some potash feldspar, limestone, fossils and metamorphic rock (Peacock & Williams, 1986: Class 23).