Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Almagro 51C

Up to [Almagro 51A & B]
others in this subgroup [Almagro 51C Variant]

Distinctive Features

A narrow neck with jutting triangular-shaped rim attached to which are two broad handles sharply bent round and with a single or many narrow grooves. There are two variants, one with less capacity with a low shoulder; and another with a high shoulder and fuller body. Both of them had piriform bodies and short spikes. Dias Diogo classified the type as Lusitana 4 and drew a clear distinction between this general type and the later smaller one which he classified as Lusitana 10 (1991).
See characteristics

Date Range

Third century AD, and possibly into mid fifth century (Beltràn, 1970; Manacorda, 1977a; Keay, 1984). An early example from Tipasa could date to the second century AD (Keay, 1984).
Search: [3rd century AD] [4th century AD] [5th century AD]


Portugal, this type was produced in the Tejo and Sado valleys, but also in the Algarve (the southernmost part of the country).
Search: [North West Europe] [Portugal]


Many places in Lusitania, but also in Baetica ,where a local production is also known
Search: [Germany] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Portugal] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


Probably fish-sauce, as it was produced in the kiln centres situated in the vicinity of the fish product factories. Evidence from underwater excavations may confirm this suggestion (Fabião & Carvalho, 1990; Étienne, 1990).
Search: [Fish Sauce]


Principal contributor: Carlos Fabião


Keay 19
Lusitana 4
Peacock & Williams 23


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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