La Grava The Archaeology and History of a Royal Manor and Alien Priory of Fontevrault

Albion Archaeology, 2013

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Albion Archaeology (2013) La Grava The Archaeology and History of a Royal Manor and Alien Priory of Fontevrault [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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La Grava Digital Supplement contents

The archive held by the ADS is a Digital Supplement to the following CBA Research Report:
Baker, E. 2013: La Grava The Archaeology and History of a Royal Manor and Alien Priory of Fontevrault. Council for British Archaeology Research Report: York. doi:10.11141/RR167

The archive is split into overarching themes. Please click on a sub-heading to view the digital contents for that section.

Text Sections

  • Section 12 Research Agenda
  • Section 13 Dating and Material Culture Sequences
    • 13.01 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 1 Structures 4, 10, 40, 55, RtL, 41
    • 13.02 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 2 Structures 16, 17, 22, 54, 63
    • 13.03 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 3 Structures 8, 88, 21, 96, 28
    • 13.04 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 4 Structures 12, 13, 19, 27, 97
    • 13.05 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 5 Structures CF2, 42, 43, 56
    • 13.06 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 6 Structures 5, 6, 24, 25, 35, 68, 87, 91
    • 13.07 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 7 Structures 31, 33, 34, 62
    • 13.08 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 8 Structures 7, 20, 29
    • 13.09 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 9 Structures 14, 18, 23, 60, 86
    • 13.10 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 10 Structures 36, 37, 38
    • 13.11 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 11 Structures CF26, CF28, 90, 1, 101, CF34, 107, 67, 102
    • 13.12 Dating and Material Culture Sequence 12 Ditch CF29 and related Structures

Infrastructure 14–16

  • Section 14 Areas, closes, enclosure ditches and banks, streams
  • Section 15 Trackways and routes
  • Section 16 Yards and enclosures; Phase plans

Structural Evidence 17–32

  • Section 17 Introduction to the structural analysis
  • Section 18 Construction and repair techniques at La Grava
  • Section 19 Structures 1–9
  • Section 20 Structures 10–19
  • Section 21 Structures 20–29
  • Section 22 Structures 30–39
  • Section 23 Structures 40–49
  • Section 24 Structures 50–59
  • Section 25 Structures 60–69
  • Section 26 Structures 70–79
  • Section 27 Structures 80–89
  • Section 28 Structures 90–109
  • Section 29 Subsidiary structures in S7–S20
  • Section 30 Subsidiary structures in S23–S103
  • Section 31 Archaeomagnetic dating, by A J Clark
  • Section 32 Cut features: wells, tanks, cisterns, pits, ponds, small quarries, and drains

Spatial Analysis 33–36

  • Section 33 Spatial analysis methodology; the planning grids
    • Introduction; The geometry of the late Roman landscape; The geometry of the ?middle Saxon/Saxo-Norman landscape; The geometry of the settlement core; Dating the early buildings
  • Section 34 Spatial analysis of individual buildings, part 1
    • The method of laying out individual buildings in relation to each other; The simple square; The rotating square; The Golden Section; Masons' techniques; Ecclesiastic parallels; Spatial analysis of individual buildings, part 1
  • Section 35 Spatial analysis of individual buildings, part 2
  • Section 36 Building articulation

Materials and Artefacts

Building Materials and Artefacts 37-40

  • Section 37 Flooring and wall materials
    • Floor materials; Ceramic floor tiles, by A M Slowikowski; Superstructures; Bricks, by A M Slowikowski and K Wilson; Daub and other fired clay, by A M Slowkowski; Mortar, plaster, and wood
  • Section 38 Roofing materials
    • Roofing materials introduction and overview; Ceramic roof tile, by A M Slowikowski; The ceramic ventilator, by A M Slowikowski
  • Section 39 Stone building material, by A P Harris
    • Introduction; Materials: sources and uses; Tooling marks; Catalogue; Stone roofing material; Stone chimneys; Discussion of architectural material
  • Section 40 Introduction to non-ceramic artefacts; building artefacts, by H B Duncan
    • Introduction to non-ceramic artefacts; Building artefacts; Category 1 Buildings and services: roofing lead, window glass, window came; Category 2 Fittings and fasteners: masonry cramps, ties, and wall anchors, wall hooks, staples, looped spike, hinge pivots, hinges, latch rests, door bolt, hasps, padlocks, locks, keys, door studs, nails, roves; Building artefacts overview

Activity Artefacts Part 1 Non-Ceramic 41-50

  • Section 41 Catalogue and method statement, by H B Duncan
    • Category 3 Household utensils and furniture: glass vessels, by T A Spencer and H B Duncan, metal vessels, spoons, querns, mortars, pestle, candleholders, the Limoges candlestick, with a note on heraldry, by J A Goodall, furniture fittings, tacks, bucket mounts and handles
  • Section 42 Category 4 Crafts and industry, by H B Duncan
    • Metalworking, woodworking, masonry, leatherworking, textile production
  • Section 43 Category 5 Multi-purpose tools, by H B Duncan
    • Knives, handles, shears, scissors, hones
  • Section 44 Trade and commerce; written communication, by H B Duncan
    • Category 6 Trade and commerce: , balances, weights, cloth seals, coins, jettons, tokens
    • Category 7 Written communication: writing equipment, papal bull seals, book clasps
  • Section 45 Category 8 Recreation
    • Clay pipes by A M Slowikowski and K Wilson, musical instruments by H B Duncan, games and toys by H B Duncan
  • Section 46 Category 9 Animal trappings and transportation, by H B Duncan
    • Introduction, spurs, spur attachments, stirrup, curb bit, snaffle bits, mouthpieces, strap loops, looped strap guides, swivel fittings, harness pendants and bosses, animal bells, clapper bells, curry comb, horseshoes, ox-shoes, shoeing nails
  • Section 47 Agriculture and horticulture; military and hunting, by H B Duncan
    • Category 10 Agriculture and horticulture: sickles, weed hooks, spade irons, pitchforks, rake teeth
    • Category 11 Military and hunting equipment: arrowheads, chain mail, quillons, chapes, fish hooks, fishing weights
  • Section 48 Personal adornment and dress, toiletry and pharmaceutical, by H B Duncan
    • Category 12 Personal adornment and dress: brooches , beads, earring, finger ring, and bracelet, pins, braid, lace-tags, clasps, buttons, buckles, strap loops, strap-ends, strap-mounts, purse frames, patten rings and shoe irons
    • Category 13 toiletry, combs, tweezers
  • Section 49 Religious beliefs; Unknown and uncertain, by H B Duncan
    • Category 14 Religious beliefs: ampulla, scourge, crucifix plaque, chalice
    • Category 16 Unknown and uncertain: 1 Objects with a wide range of uses: rings, chains and chain links, swivels, wires, collars, ferrules, and binding strips; 2 Unidentified or unique objects: unidentified: pierced shells, tubular sheaths, mandrels, unique objects
  • Section 50 Non-ceramic activity artefacts – overview and conclusions, by H B Duncan
    • Category 3 Household utensils and furniture
    • Category 4 Crafts and industry
    • Category 5 Multi-purpose tools
    • Category 6 Commerce and trade
    • Category 7 Written communication
    • Category 8 Recreational purposes
    • Category 9 Animal trappings and transportation
    • Category 10 Agriculture and horticulture
    • Category 11 Military and hunting equipment
    • Category 12 Personal adornment and dress
    • Category 13 Toilet, surgical, or pharmaceutical instruments
    • Category 14 Religious beliefs

Activity Artefacts Part 2 Pottery 51-58

  • Section 51 La Grava ceramics: introduction, methodology, and catalogue of illustrated sherds, by A M Slowikowski
    • Introduction and method statement; Catalogue of illustrated pottery
  • Section 52 Pottery descriptions part 1
    • Prehistoric, Roman, and Anglo-Saxon pottery, by A M Slowikowski: prehistoric and Roman pottery, Anglo-Saxon pottery descriptions, distribution of the total Anglo-Saxon assemblage; Anglo-Saxon pottery stamps, by Diana C Briscoe
  • Section 53 Pottery descriptions part 2, by A M Slowikowski
    • Medieval shelly wares B01–B09
  • Section 54 Pottery descriptions part 3, by A M Slowikowski
    • Medieval mineral tempered wares C02–C42
  • Section 55 Pottery descriptions part 4, by A M Slowikowski
    • Medieval mineral-tempered wares C53–C83
  • Section 56 Pottery descriptions part 5, by A M Slowikowski
    • Late medieval wares E01–E03; Post-medieval wares P01–P65
  • Section 57 Ceramics overview part 1, by A M Slowikowski
    • Chronology: Incidence of pottery types by phase; Cross-context joins and dating issues including consideration of Hertfordshire-type greywares at La Grava
  • Section 58 Ceramics overview part 2, by A M Slowikowski
    • Function: Incidence of forms by phase; Distribution of forms; Function and uses of the pottery; Sources of the pottery
  • Section 59 Reflections on how the interpretation of La Grava developed, and on a range of dating issues

Environmental Evidence 60-64

  • Section 60 The cemetery and human bone
    • The cemetery, by Evelyn Baker; Human bone, by Ann Stirland with T A Spencer
  • Section 61 Diet, husbandry and economy at La Grava: the evidence from the animal bone remains, by W Bonner, A Grant, and M Holmes
    • Overview; Rubbish disposal; Diet in the 12th to 19th centuries; Animal husbandry and economic activities; Hunting, trapping, and fishing; Status; Summary: continuity and change
  • Section 62 Animal bone remains: methods of analysis and species overview, by W Bonner, A Grant, and M Holmes
    • Introduction; Methods of analysis; Animal bone remains from La Grava: overview; Cattle; Sheep; Goats; Pig; Birds; Other domestic mammals; Wild mammals; Fish; Summary
  • Section 63 Marine shellfish, by H B Duncan
  • Section 64 Medieval plant and invertebrate remains, by M Robinson
    • Method statement; Fishpond; Kilns or ovens; Drain and cess pit; Other deposits of charred plant material; Overview: aspects of the arable economy and horticulture at La Grava

Documents and Essays 65-67

  • Section 65 Essay topics from the Parish Survey, by S R Coleman
    • 65.01 Map of the Royal Manor of Leighton, Parish of Leighton, and townships
    • 65.02 Chart showing the owners, custodians, and tenants of the Royal Manor of Leighton
    • 65.03 The abbey of Fontevrault and the manor of Leighton, by S R Coleman
    • 65.04 The origins of the Grovebury block and its manorial site, by S R Coleman
    • 65.05 The impact of La Grava priory on its manorial tenants, by S R Coleman
    • 65.06 The documented monastic house, by S R Coleman
    • 65.07 La Grava priory and royalty, by S R Coleman
    • 65.08 Wars with France and Mary of Woodstock, by S R Coleman
    • 65.09 Restoration to Fontevrault and later medieval tenants, by S R Coleman
    • 65.10 Chapel and farm: the priory site in the later 14th century, by S R Coleman
    • 65.11 Grovebury in the 15th century, by S R Coleman
    • 65.12 Sheep farming at Grovebury in the 16th and 17th centuries, by S R Coleman
    • 65.13 Grovebury in the 18th and 19th centuries, by S R Coleman
  • Section 66 Additional essays and other research
    • 66.01 Financing the building enterprises: circumstantial and documentary evidence for patrons
    • 66.02 Princess Cecylle
    • 66.03 The Prebendary of Leighton Buzzard
    • 66.04 Wars with France
    • 66.05 The founding of Fontevrault and the status of brethren
    • 66.06 Custodians: relationships and patronage to 1505
    • 66.07 Crops and animals kept on tenanted land on Leighton manor in 1297
    • 66.08 Leighton and the Ninth of 1297
    • 66.09 Leighton and Grovebury, Leigh and Duncombe
    • 66.10 Roman and medieval measurements
    • 66.11 Analysis of the 1341/42 bailiff's account showing goods sold from the manor, quantities, what was left, prices, and contemporary comments, part 1
    • 66.12 Analysis of the 1341/42 bailiff's account showing goods sold from the manor, quantities, what was left, prices, and contemporary comments, part 2
    • 66.13 Analysis of the 1341/42 bailiff's account. Table covering the cost and quantity of items bought in and why
    • 66.14 Analysis of the 1341/42 bailiff's account. Table giving the outgoings for the year including customary feasts, gifts, and payments
    • 66.15 Analysis of the 1341/42 bailiff's account: labour and equipment
    • 66.16 Analysis of 1341/42 bailiff's account: equipment and repairs
    • 66.17 Map and key to late Saxon place-names in the vicinity of La Grava
  • Section 67 Chronological guide and selected transcriptions
    • 67.01 A chronological guide to the documentary history of La Grava Priory and related matters with an index to the documentary archive, by S R Coleman with additions by E M Baker; La Grava – selected transcripts and documentary excerpts, by S R Coleman with additions by E M Baker
    • 67.02 Selected transcriptions, William I, 1066–1087
    • 67.03 Selected transcriptions, William II, 1087–1100
    • 67.04 Selected transcriptions, Henry I, 1100–1135
    • 67.05 Selected transcriptions, Stephen and Matilda, 1135–1154
    • 67.06 Selected transcriptions, Henry II, 1154–1189
    • 67.07 Selected transcriptions, Richard I, 1189–1199
    • 67.08 Selected transcriptions, John, 1199–1216, relating to Queen Joan of Sicily
    • 67.09 Selected transcriptions, John, 1199–1216
    • 67.10 Selected transcriptions, Henry III, 1216–1272
    • 67.11 Selected transcriptions, Edward I, 1272–1307
    • 67.12 Selected transcriptions, Edward II, 1307–1327
    • 67.13 Selected transcriptions, Edward III, 1327–1377
    • 67.14 Selected transcriptions, Richard II, 1377–1399
    • 67.15 Selected transcriptions, Henry IV, 1399–1413
    • 67.16 Selected transcriptions, Henry V, 1413–1422
    • 67.17 Selected transcriptions, Henry VI, 1422–1461 and 1470–1471
    • 67.18 Selected transcriptions, Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III, 1461–1485
    • 67.19 Selected transcriptions, Henry VII, 1485–1509
    • 67.20 Selected transcriptions, Henry VIII, 1509–1547
    • 67.21 Selected transcriptions, Edward VI, 1547–1553
    • 67.22 Selected transcriptions, Mary, 1553–1558
    • 67.23 Selected transcriptions, Elizabeth I, 1558–1603
    • 67.24 Selected transcriptions, James I, 1603–1625
    • 67.25 Selected transcriptions, Charles I, Charles II, and the Commonwealth, 1625–1685
    • 67.26 Selected transcriptions, Aethelstan and Chalgrave, AD 926

Methods and Additional Illustrations 68 and 69

  • Section 68 Methods: site methodology and administration; post-excavation
    • Fieldwork strategies; Recording methods – structural evidence; Recording methods – artefacts; Post-excavation strategy; Post-excavation methods: structural and stratigraphic analysis; Selection for publication ; Post-excavation methods; Key to terminology used in publication
  • Section 69 Additional photographs

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