Werts, S. P. and Jahren, A. (2007). Estimation of temperatures beneath archaeological campfires using carbon stable isotope composition of soil organic matter. J Archaeol Sci 34 (6). Vol 34(6), pp. 850-857.

Title
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Title:
Estimation of temperatures beneath archaeological campfires using carbon stable isotope composition of soil organic matter
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 34 (6)
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
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34 (6)
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Page Start/End:
850 - 857
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Journal
Abstract
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An Inceptisol and an Alfisol from Western Maryland, USA, were sampled by horizon and exposed to the elevated temperatures associated with heat transfer measured beneath campfires. Substantial loss in organic carbon and change in carbon stable isotope composition was observed, even after exposure to relatively low temperatures (200--400 °C). Analyses showed that a comparison of carbon isotope enrichment in organic matter beneath a suspected campfire site to that of unaltered soil would give quantitative information about the minimum effective campfire temperature. Application of these results may lead to particular insight for archaeological sites where soil surfaces have been eroded or otherwise truncated.
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S P Werts
A H Jahren
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2007
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
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03 Dec 2007