Faith, J. Tyler. and Gordon, A. (2007). Skeletal element abundances in archaeofaunal assemblages:. J Archaeol Sci 34 (6). Vol 34(6), pp. 872-882.

Title
Title
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Title:
Skeletal element abundances in archaeofaunal assemblages:
Subtitle
Subtitle
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Subtitle:
economic utility, sample size, and assessment of carcass transport strategies
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 34 (6)
Series
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
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Volume:
34 (6)
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
872 - 882
Biblio Note
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Economic utility indices provide a means of interpreting butchery and transport decisions reflected in the relative abundance of skeletal elements. Because of destructive taphonomic processes, interpreting skeletal element abundances in terms of carcass transport strategies requires that faunal analysts consider only those elements which accurately reflect their original abundances following human discard. In this study the authors use resampling techniques to examine the impact of sample size on correlations between high-survival skeletal element frequencies and economic utility in four simulated population assemblages reflecting distinct carcass transport strategies. Correlations alone do not accurately reflect the true relationship between bone abundance and economic utility as particular transport strategies have a tendency to generate high frequencies of Type II errors as sample size decreases. It is shown that the Shannon evenness index can be used as a quantitative means of distinguishing between bone assemblages characterized by subtle variations in skeletal element abundances. The evenness index can also be used to evaluate whether observed correlations reflect sampling error. Results from simulations are applied to three published faunal assemblages to evaluate likely carcass transport strategies.
Author
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Author:
J Tyler Faith
Adam D Gordon
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2007
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Bone (Auto Detected Subject))
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Source:
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
Created Date
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Created Date:
03 Dec 2007